Next Article in Journal
An Analytical Subdomain Model of Torque Dense Halbach Array Motors
Next Article in Special Issue
Experimental Assessment of a Centralised Controller for High-RES Active Distribution Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Optimization of Performance Parameter Design and Energy Use Prediction for Nearly Zero Energy Buildings
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sensitivity Assessment of Microgrid Investment Options to Guarantee Reliability of Power Supply in Rural Networks as an Alternative to Underground Cabling
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(12), 3253; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123253

Multi-Agent System with Plug and Play Feature for Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrid—Controller and Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Implementation

1
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, G2Elab, F-38000 Grenoble, France
2
Institute for Energy and Environment, Electronic and Electrical Engineering Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XW, UK
3
Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), National Institute for Solar Energy (INES), F-73375 Le Bourget-du-Lac, France
4
Austrian Institute of Technology, 1210 Vienna, Austria
5
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Technology—The University of Danang, Danang 550000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 7 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Methods and Concepts for Designing and Validating Smart Grid Systems)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5498 KB, uploaded 29 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

Distributed control and optimization strategies are a promising alternative approach to centralized control within microgrids. In this paper, a multi-agent system is developed to deal with the distributed secondary control of islanded microgrids. Two main challenges are identified in the coordination of a microgrid: (i) interoperability among equipment from different vendors; and (ii) online re-configuration of the network in the case of alteration of topology. To cope with these challenges, the agents are designed to communicate with physical devices via the industrial standard IEC 61850 and incorporate a plug and play feature. This allows interoperability within a microgrid at agent layer as well as allows for online re-configuration upon topology alteration. A test case of distributed frequency control of islanded microgrid with various scenarios was conducted to validate the operation of proposed approach under controller and power hardware-in-the-loop environment, comprising prototypical hardware agent systems and realistic communications network. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed control; microgrid; hardware-in-the-loop; average consensus; multi-agent system distributed control; microgrid; hardware-in-the-loop; average consensus; multi-agent system
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.-L.; Guillo-Sansano, E.; Syed, M.H.; Nguyen, V.-H.; Blair, S.M.; Reguera, L.; Tran, Q.-T.; Caire, R.; Burt, G.M.; Gavriluta, C.; Luu, N.-A. Multi-Agent System with Plug and Play Feature for Distributed Secondary Control in Microgrid—Controller and Power Hardware-in-the-Loop Implementation. Energies 2018, 11, 3253.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top