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Energies 2018, 11(11), 3100; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113100

A Geospatial Assessment of Small-Scale Hydropower Potential in Sub-Saharan Africa

1
Division of Energy System Analysis, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 11428 Stockholm, Sweden
2
World Resources Institute, Washington, DC 20002, USA
3
The World Bank Group, Washington, DC 20433, USA
4
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
5
Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA
6
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
7
European Union Joint Research Centre (EU-JRC), 21027 Ispra, VA, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrical Energy Production in the Water Sector)
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Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa has been at the epicenter of an ongoing global dialogue around the issue of energy poverty. More than half of the world’s population without access to modern energy services lives there. It also happens to be a sub-continent with plentiful renewable energy resource potential. Hydropower is one of them, and to a large extent it remains untapped. This study focuses on the technical assessment of small-scale hydropower (0.01–10 MW) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The underlying methodology was based on open source geospatial datasets, whose combination allowed a consistent evaluation of 712,615 km of river network spanning over 44 countries. Environmental, topological, and social constraints were included in the form of constraints in the optimization algorithm. The results are presented on a country and power pool basis. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydropower; Sub-Saharan Africa; geographic information systems; electrification hydropower; Sub-Saharan Africa; geographic information systems; electrification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Korkovelos, A.; Mentis, D.; Siyal, S.H.; Arderne, C.; Rogner, H.; Bazilian, M.; Howells, M.; Beck, H.; De Roo, A. A Geospatial Assessment of Small-Scale Hydropower Potential in Sub-Saharan Africa. Energies 2018, 11, 3100.

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