This paper presents the development of a new bi-arc dynamic numerical model for predicting AC critical flashover voltage (FOV) of ice-covered extra-high voltage (EHV) insulators. The proposed model is based on a generic calculation algorithm coupled with commercial finite element method software designed to solve the Obenaus/Rizk model. The proposed model allows one to implement the Nottingham and Mayr approaches and compare the results obtained as a function of the arcing distance, the freezing water conductivity, and the initial arc length. The validation of the model demonstrated high accuracy in predicting the FOV of ice-covered post-type insulators and its capability to simulate the interaction of the two partial arcs during the flashover process. In particular, the results showed that the Nottingham approach is sensibly more accurate than the Mayr one, especially in simulating the dynamic behavior of the partial arcs during the flashover process. Based on the encouraging results obtained, a multi-arc calculation algorithm was proposed using the bi-arc dynamic numerical model as a basis. The basic idea, which consists in dividing the multi-arc model in several bi-arc modules, was not implemented and validated but will serve as a promising concept for future work.
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