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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2731; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102731

Numerical Simulation of a Two-Phase Flow for the Acrylonitrile Electrolytic Adiponitrile Process in a Vertical/Horizontal Electrolysis Cell

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
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Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

This paper investigated the effect of oxygen holdup on the current density distribution over the electrode of a vertical/horizontal electrolysis cell with a two-dimensional Eulerian–Eulerian two-phase flow model in the acrylonitrile (AN) electrolytic adiponitrile (ADN) process. The physical models consisted of a vertical/horizontal electrolysis cell 10 mm wide and 600 mm long. The electrical potential difference between the anode and cathode was fixed at 5 V, which corresponded to a uniform current density j = 0.4 A/cm2 without any bubbles released from the electrodes. The effects of different inlet electrolyte velocities (vin = 0.4, 0.6, 1.0 and 1.5 m/s) on the void fraction and the current density distributions were discussed in detail. It is shown that, for a given applied voltage, as the electrolyte velocity is increased, the gas diffusion layer thickness decreased and this resulted in the decrease of the gas void fraction and increase of the corresponding current density; for a given velocity, the current density for a vertical cell was higher than that for a horizontal cell. Furthermore, assuming the release of uniform mass flux for the oxygen results in overestimation of the total gas accumulation mass flow rate by 2.8% and 5.8% and it will also result in underestimation of the current density by 0.3% and 2.4% for a vertical cell and a horizontal cell, respectively. The results of this study can provide useful information for the design of an ADN electrolysis cell. View Full-Text
Keywords: acrylonitrile electrolytic adiponitrile; two-phase flow; void fraction; current density acrylonitrile electrolytic adiponitrile; two-phase flow; void fraction; current density
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Jang, J.-Y.; Gan, Y.-F. Numerical Simulation of a Two-Phase Flow for the Acrylonitrile Electrolytic Adiponitrile Process in a Vertical/Horizontal Electrolysis Cell. Energies 2018, 11, 2731.

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