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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2706; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102706

The Spatial Network Structure of China’s Regional Carbon Emissions and Its Network Effect

1
School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, No. 1, College Rd., Tongshan Dist., Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
2
Program on Chinese Cities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 314 New East Building, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3140, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 30 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sources)
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Abstract

Under the “new normal”, China is facing more severe carbon emissions reduction targets. This paper estimates the carbon emission data of various provinces in China from 2008 to 2014, constructs a revised gravity model, and analyzes the network structure and effects of carbon emissions in various provinces by using social network analysis (SNA) and quadratic assignment procedure (QAP) analysis methods. The conclusions show that there are obvious spatial correlations between China’s provinces and regions in terms of carbon emissions: Tianjin, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Guangdong are in the center of the carbon emission network, and play the role of “bridges”. Carbon emissions can be divided into four blocks: “bidirectional spillover block”, “net beneficial block”, “net spillover block” and “broker block”. The differences in the energy consumption, economic level and geographical location of the provinces have a significant impact on the spatial correlation relationship of carbon emissions. Finally, the improvement of the robustness of the overall network structure and the promotion of individual network centrality can significantly reduce the intensity of carbon emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon emission; spatial correlation; social network analysis (SNA); quadratic assignment procedure (QAP) carbon emission; spatial correlation; social network analysis (SNA); quadratic assignment procedure (QAP)
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Wang, F.; Gao, M.; Liu, J.; Fan, W. The Spatial Network Structure of China’s Regional Carbon Emissions and Its Network Effect. Energies 2018, 11, 2706.

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