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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2654; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102654

Numerical Study of the Axial Gap and Hot Streak Effects on Thermal and Flow Characteristics in Two-Stage High Pressure Gas Turbine

School of Mechanical Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 84, Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 27 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 4 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Fluid Dynamics 2018)
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Abstract

Combined cycle power plants (CCPPs) are becoming more important as the global demand for electrical power increases. The power and efficiency of CCPPs are directly affected by the performance and thermal efficiency of the gas turbines. This study is the first unsteady numerical study that comprehensively considers axial gap (AG) in the first-stage stator and first-stage rotor (R1) and hot streaks in the combustor outlet throughout an entire two-stage turbine, as these factors affect the aerodynamic performance of the turbine. To resolve the three-dimensional unsteady-state compressible flow, an unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equation was used to calculate a k ω   SST   γ turbulence model. The AG distance d was set as 80% (case 1) and 120% (case 3) for the design value case 2 (13 mm or d/Cs1 = 0.307) in a GE-E3 gas turbine model. Changes in the AG affect the overall flow field characteristics and efficiency. If AG decreases, the time-averaged maximum temperature and pressure of R1 exhibit differences of approximately 3 K and 400 Pa, respectively. In addition, the low-temperature zone around the hub and tip regions of R1 and second-stage rotor (R2) on the suction side becomes smaller owing to a secondary flow and the area-averaged surface temperature increases. The area-averaged heat flux of the blade surface increases by a maximum of 10.6% at the second-stage stator and 2.8% at R2 as the AG decreases. The total-to-total efficiencies of the overall turbine increase by 0.306% and 0.295% when the AG decreases. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas turbine; axial gap; hot streak; heat transfer gas turbine; axial gap; hot streak; heat transfer
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Choi, M.G.; Ryu, J. Numerical Study of the Axial Gap and Hot Streak Effects on Thermal and Flow Characteristics in Two-Stage High Pressure Gas Turbine. Energies 2018, 11, 2654.

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