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Energies 2018, 11(1), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010067

Combined Supporting Technology with Bolt-Grouting and Floor Pressure-Relief for Deep Chamber: An Underground Coal Mine Case Study

1
School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
2
Xinzhuang Coal Mine, Henan Shenhuo Coal and Electricity Co., Ltd., Yongcheng 476600, China
3
Tian’an Coal Mining Company Limited of Pingdingshan City, Pingdingshan 467000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 1 January 2018
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Abstract

Based on the engineering geological conditions of the Number 2 chamber in the slope at Xinzhuang coal mine, which is located in the eastern part of Yongcheng City, Henan Province, China, the authors conducted a systematic research on the anchoring-grouting and the floor pressure-relief supporting technology by using theoretical analysis, numerical calculation and field industrial test. Results showed that: (1) the lithology of the surrounding rock was poor, and the stress and effective loading coefficient on the chamber surrounding rock were high due to the abutment pressure that was induced by the shaft protective pillar. Both of them resulted in the floor heave and the surrounding rock deformation damage of the chamber; (2) The numerical calculation showed that, after the floor pressure-relief slot was excavated in the head chamber, the vertical stress of the floor surrounding rock of chamber and the horizontal stress of the side surrounding rock were significantly reduced when compared with the stress before the pressure-relief, and the floor vertical displacement basically remained unchanged. So the floor pressure-relief slot could effectively control the chamber floor heave and was helpful for the long-term stability of the chamber. After the severe deformation chamber was renovated by using a combined support with bolt-mesh-shotcreting and anchor cables, several other techniques were also applied to ensure the stability of the chamber. The floor pressure-relief slot was excavated, both the roof and the sides surrounding rock of chamber were grouted with grouting bolt, and both sides and the floor (including pressure-relief slot) of the chamber were grouted with anchor cable bundles. After implementation of above systematic techniques, the surrounding rock of chamber is in a stable state, which demonstrated that the field test is successful. The combined supporting technology with the anchoring-grouting and the floor pressure-relief has an important practical significance for the long-term stability of the chamber to ensure the safe and efficient production of the mine. View Full-Text
Keywords: chamber; floor pressure-relief slot; grouting reinforcement; anchor cable bundle; coal pillar chamber; floor pressure-relief slot; grouting reinforcement; anchor cable bundle; coal pillar
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Zhai, X.; Huang, G.; Chen, C.; Li, R. Combined Supporting Technology with Bolt-Grouting and Floor Pressure-Relief for Deep Chamber: An Underground Coal Mine Case Study. Energies 2018, 11, 67.

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