Next Article in Journal
CFD-Driven Valve Shape Optimization for Performance Improvement of a Micro Cross-Flow Turbine
Previous Article in Journal
Gas-Lifting Characteristics of Methane-Water Mixture and Its Potential Application for Self-Eruption Production of Marine Natural Gas Hydrates
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(1), 241; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010241

Modeling Interprovincial Cooperative Energy Saving in China: An Electricity Utilization Perspective

1
Sino-US Global Logistics Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
2
College of Economics and Management, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
3
China Institute for Urban Governance, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
4
Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
5
China Institute of Regulation Research, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 January 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 17 January 2018 / Published: 19 January 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1014 KB, uploaded 22 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

As the world faces great challenges from climate change and environmental pollution, China urgently requires energy saving, emission reduction, and carbon reduction programmes. However, the non-cooperative energy saving model (NCESM), the simple regulation mode that is China’s main model for energy saving, is not beneficial for optimization of energy and resource distribution, and cannot effectively motivate energy saving at the provincial level. Therefore, we propose an interprovincial cooperative energy saving model (CESM) from the perspective of electricity utilization, with the object of maximizing the benefits from electricity utilization of the cooperation union based on achieving the energy saving goals of the union as a whole. The CESM consists of two parts: (1) an optimization model that calculates the optimal quantities of electricity consumption for each participating province to meet the joint energy saving goal; and (2) a model that distributes the economic benefits of the cooperation among the provinces in the cooperation based on the Shapley value method. We applied the CESM to the case of an interprovincial union of Shanghai, Sichuan, Shanxi, and Gansu in China. The results, based on the data from 2001–2014, show that cooperation can significantly increase the benefits of electricity utilization for each province in the union. The total benefits of the union from utilization of electricity increased 38.38%, or 353.98 billion CNY, while the benefits to Shanghai, Sichuan, Shanxi, and Gansu were 200.28, 58.37, 57.11, and 38.22 billion CNY respectively greater under the CESM than the NCESM. The implementation of the CESM provides the provincial governments not only a flexible and incentive way to achieve short-term goals, but also a feasible and effective path to realize long-term energy saving strategies. To test the impact of different parameter values on the results of the CESM, a sensitivity analysis was conducted. Some policy recommendations are made at the central government level and the provincial government level to promote the implementation of the CESM. View Full-Text
Keywords: interprovincial cooperation; energy saving; optimal model; game; Shapley value interprovincial cooperation; energy saving; optimal model; game; Shapley value
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, L.; Zhao, L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, B.; Ma, Y.; Cui, W.; Xie, Y. Modeling Interprovincial Cooperative Energy Saving in China: An Electricity Utilization Perspective. Energies 2018, 11, 241.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top