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Numerical Analysis of the Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engines with Multiple Injection Strategies Using a Modified 2-D Flamelet Model

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
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Energies 2017, 10(9), 1292; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10091292
Received: 2 August 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 27 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
The multiple injection strategy has been widely used in diesel engines to reduce engine noise, NOx and soot formation. Fuel injection developments such as the common-rail and piezo-actuator system provide more precise control of the injection quantity and time under higher injection pressures. As various injection strategies become accessible, it is important to understand the interaction of each fuel stream and following combustion process under the multiple injection strategy. To investigate these complex processes quantitatively, numerical analysis using CFD is a good alternative to overcome the limitation of experiments. A modified 2-D flamelet model is further developed from previous work to model multi-fuel streams with higher accuracy. The model was validated under various engine operating conditions and captures the combustion and emissions characteristics as well as several parametric variations. The model is expected to be used to suggest advanced injection strategies in engine development processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: modified 2-D flamelet model; CFD; NOx emissions; multiple injection; collapse method modified 2-D flamelet model; CFD; NOx emissions; multiple injection; collapse method
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Kim, G.; Moon, S.; Lee, S.; Min, K. Numerical Analysis of the Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engines with Multiple Injection Strategies Using a Modified 2-D Flamelet Model. Energies 2017, 10, 1292.

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