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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1182; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081182

Nonlinear Controllers Based on Exact Feedback Linearization for Series-Compensated DFIG-Based Wind Parks to Mitigate Sub-Synchronous Control Interaction

School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
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Received: 10 July 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 7 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

The increasing penetration of wind power in the grid has driven the integration of wind farms with power systems that are series-compensated to enhance power transfer capability and dynamic stability. This may lead to sub-synchronous control interaction (SSCI) problems in series-compensated doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farms. To mitigate SSCI, nonlinear controllers based on exact feedback linearization (EFL) are proposed in this paper. Before deriving the control laws, the exact feedback linearizability of the studied system is scrutinized. Frequency scanning analysis is employed to test the designed EFL controllers. Moreover, the performance of the EFL controllers is compared to that of classical proportional-integral (PI) controllers. A series-compensated 100 MW DFIG-based wind park is utilized to assess the performance of the designed controllers through the alleviation of sub-synchronous resonance. Analyses of the studied system reveal that the resistance is negative under sub-synchronous frequency conditions, whereas the reactance becomes negative at approximately 44 Hz. The designed EFL controllers effectively alleviate SSCI and result in positive reactance and resistance values within the whole sub-synchronous frequency range. The results from the frequency scanning method are also validated through the time domain simulation and the eigenvalue analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: doubly-fed induction generator; sub-synchronous control interaction; exact feedback linearization; frequency scanning analysis doubly-fed induction generator; sub-synchronous control interaction; exact feedback linearization; frequency scanning analysis
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Li, P.; Wang, J.; Xiong, L.; Wu, F. Nonlinear Controllers Based on Exact Feedback Linearization for Series-Compensated DFIG-Based Wind Parks to Mitigate Sub-Synchronous Control Interaction. Energies 2017, 10, 1182.

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