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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1125;

The Coupled Effect of Fines Mobilization and Salt Precipitation on CO2 Injectivity

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
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In terms of storage capacity and containment efficiency, deep saline aquifers are among the best candidates for CO2 storage. However, salt precipitation in the wellbore vicinity and fines mobilization ensued from in situ mineral dissolution could impair CO2 injectivity and reduce the quality and capacity of deep saline reservoirs for CO2 storage. The mechanisms of salt precipitation and its impact on CO2 injectivity have been studied, but the effects of fines mobilization have not been properly investigated. We conducted core-flood experiments and theoretical studies to investigate the impact of fines mobilization on CO2 injectivity, the relative contribution of fines mobilization and salt precipitation to injectivity impairment, and the coupled effect of salt precipitation and fines mobilization. We found that, mineral dissolution and transport effects could induce up to about 26% injectivity impairment. The findings also suggest that about 0.3 wt % particle concentration in the pore fluid could induce over twofold injectivity impairment compared to about 10 wt % of total dissolved salt in the formation water. Salt precipitation was also found to compound injectivity impairment induced by fines mobilization. The present study provides important insight, and could serve as a foundation to inspire further experimental and theoretical investigation into the effects of mineral dissolution and fines mobilization in the context of CO2 injectivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: fines mobilization; salt precipitation; CO2 injectivity impairment; carbon storage. fines mobilization; salt precipitation; CO2 injectivity impairment; carbon storage.

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Sokama-Neuyam, Y.A.; Forsetløkken, S.L.; Lien, J.-E.; Ursin, J.R. The Coupled Effect of Fines Mobilization and Salt Precipitation on CO2 Injectivity. Energies 2017, 10, 1125.

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