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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2004; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10122004

Research on Pulsed Jet Flow Control without External Energy in a Blade Cascade

Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Aerospace Power System, College of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
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Received: 15 October 2017 / Revised: 19 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
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Abstract

To control the flow separation in the compressors, a novel pulsed jet concept without external energy injection is proposed. The new concept designs a slot in the middle of the blade and sets a micro device to switch the slot periodically. Such a structure is expected to generate a pulsed jet by the pressure difference between the pressure side and the suction side of the blade. In order to analyze the interaction between the pulsed jet and unsteady separated flow, our numerical and experimental study is based on a specific cascade (with a flow separation inside) and a pulsed jet (one of the unsteady flow control method). The experimental and numerical results both show that when the frequency of pulsed jet is approximate to that of the separation vortex, then the control tends to be more effective. Based on the numerical simulations, the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is then used to reveal the control mechanism, extracting the different time-space structures from the original field. The results with the aid of POD show that the pulsed jet can redistribute the kinetic energy of each mode, and strengthen or weaken certain modes, particularly, while the steady jet reduces the kinetic energy of high-order modes in whole. Also, pulsed jet with proper parameters can transfer the energy from higher modes to the first flow mode (averaged flow), which is due to the conversion of the spatial vortical structures and the time evolution of the modes. View Full-Text
Keywords: compressor; pulsed jet; flow separation; flow control compressor; pulsed jet; flow separation; flow control
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Chen, J.; Lu, W.; Huang, G.; Zhu, J.; Wang, J. Research on Pulsed Jet Flow Control without External Energy in a Blade Cascade. Energies 2017, 10, 2004.

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