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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1557; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101557

Impact of Vitiation on a Swirl-Stabilized and Premixed Methane Flame

Department of Energy Sciences, Lund University, Ole Römers väg 1, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Received: 3 September 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 28 September 2017 / Published: 10 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

Vitiation refers to the condition where the oxygen concentration in the air is reduced due to the mix of dilution gas. The vitiation effects on a premixed methane flame were investigated on a swirl-stabilized gas turbine model combustor under atmospheric pressure. The main purpose is to analyze the combustion stability and CO emission performance in vitiated air and compare the results with the flame without vitiation. The N2, CO2, and H2O (steam) were used as the dilution gas. Measurements were conducted in a combustor inlet temperature of 384 K and 484 K. The equivalence ratio was varied from stoichiometric conditions to the LBO (Lean Blowout) limits where the flame was physically blown out from the combustor. The chemical kinetics calculation was performed with Chemkin software to analyze the vitiation effects on the flame reaction zone. Based on the calculation results, the changes in the temperature gradient, CO concentration, and active radicals across the flame reaction zone were identified. The time-averaged CH chemiluminescence images were recorded and the results indicated the features of the flame shape and location. The CH signal intensity provided the information about the heat-release zone in the combustor. The combustion LBO limits were measured and the vitiation of CO2 and H2O were found to have a stronger impact to elevate the LBO limits than N2. Near the LBO limits, the instability of the flame reaction was revealed by the high-speed chemiluminescence imaging and the results were analyzed by FFT (Fast Fourier Transfer). CO emission was measured with a water-cooled probe which is located at the exit of the combustor. The combustion vitiation has been found to have the compression effect on the operation range for low CO emission. However, this compression effect could be compensated by improving the combustor inlet temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitiation effects; LBO limits; CO emission; CO2 dilution; steam dilution vitiation effects; LBO limits; CO emission; CO2 dilution; steam dilution
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Li, M.; Tong, Y.; Klingmann, J.; Thern, M. Impact of Vitiation on a Swirl-Stabilized and Premixed Methane Flame. Energies 2017, 10, 1557.

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