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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1502; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101502

Design of a Fractional Order Frequency PID Controller for an Islanded Microgrid: A Multi-Objective Extremal Optimization Method

1
College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
2
National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Digitalize Electrical Design Technology, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325035, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Power Systems and Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4
State Grid Wenzhou Electric Power Supply Company, Wenzhou 325000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 1 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Fractional order proportional-integral-derivative(FOPID) controllers have attracted increasing attentions recently due to their better control performance than the traditional integer-order proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers. However, there are only few studies concerning the fractional order control of microgrids based on evolutionary algorithms. From the perspective of multi-objective optimization, this paper presents an effective FOPID based frequency controller design method called MOEO-FOPID for an islanded microgrid by using a Multi-objective extremal optimization (MOEO) algorithm to minimize frequency deviation and controller output signal simultaneously in order to improve finally the efficient operation of distributed generations and energy storage devices. Its superiority to nondominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) based FOPID/PID controllers and other recently reported single-objective evolutionary algorithms such as Kriging-based surrogate modeling and real-coded population extremal optimization-based FOPID controllers is demonstrated by the simulation studies on a typical islanded microgrid in terms of the control performance including frequency deviation, deficit grid power, controller output signal and robustness. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid; fractional order controller; frequency control; multi-objective optimization; extremal optimization microgrid; fractional order controller; frequency control; multi-objective optimization; extremal optimization
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Wang, H.; Zeng, G.; Dai, Y.; Bi, D.; Sun, J.; Xie, X. Design of a Fractional Order Frequency PID Controller for an Islanded Microgrid: A Multi-Objective Extremal Optimization Method. Energies 2017, 10, 1502.

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