Next Article in Journal
Evaluating the Degradation Mechanism and State of Health of LiFePO4 Lithium-Ion Batteries in Real-World Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Application for Different Ageing Paths
Previous Article in Journal
Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Energies in 2016

Fire Hazards of Some Modern Solid Fuels

Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering, Victoria University, Werribee, VIC 3030, Australia
Academic Editor: George Tsatsaronis
Energies 2017, 10(1), 113;
Received: 1 November 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published: 17 January 2017
Fire hazard during ship transportation of certain modern solid fuels is identified. A particular mechanism which may lead to catastrophic ship fire is discussed. A mathematical model predicting time to such fully developed fire (flashover time) I s proposed. An analytical solution is obtained for the developed model. An important part of this solution is a closed form analytical description of the smoke filling dynamics in a closed compartment. It is demonstrated that flashover time depends on a number of parameters. The relative importance of these parameters is discussed. Particular significance is attributed to fuel soot propensity (fuel soot yield) which is an intrinsic fuel property. This parameter controls the intensity of radiative heat exchange in the compartment, and its influence on flashover time is of paramount importance. It is suggested that fuels are ranked with respect to this parameter in order to describe their relative fire hazards. This ranking should be implemented into the regulatory framework governing fuel transportation by ships. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass fuels; fire hazard; flashover biomass fuels; fire hazard; flashover
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Novozhilov, V. Fire Hazards of Some Modern Solid Fuels. Energies 2017, 10, 113.

AMA Style

Novozhilov V. Fire Hazards of Some Modern Solid Fuels. Energies. 2017; 10(1):113.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Novozhilov, Vasily. 2017. "Fire Hazards of Some Modern Solid Fuels" Energies 10, no. 1: 113.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop