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Threshold Stochastic Conditional Duration Model for Financial Transaction Data

1
Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
2
School of Accounting and Finance, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12(2), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12020088
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 5 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Financial Econometrics)
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Abstract

This paper proposes a variant of a threshold stochastic conditional duration (TSCD) model for financial data at the transaction level. It assumes that the innovations of the duration process follow a threshold distribution with a positive support. In addition, it also assumes that the latent first-order autoregressive process of the log conditional durations switches between two regimes. The regimes are determined by the levels of the observed durations and the TSCD model is specified to be self-excited. A novel Markov-Chain Monte Carlo method (MCMC) is developed for parameter estimation of the model. For model discrimination, we employ deviance information criteria, which does not depend on the number of model parameters directly. Duration forecasting is constructed by using an auxiliary particle filter based on the fitted models. Simulation studies demonstrate that the proposed TSCD model and MCMC method work well in terms of parameter estimation and duration forecasting. Lastly, the proposed model and method are applied to two classic data sets that have been studied in the literature, namely IBM and Boeing transaction data. View Full-Text
Keywords: stochastic conditional duration; threshold; Bayesian inference; Markov-Chain Monte Carlo; probability integral transform; deviance information criterion stochastic conditional duration; threshold; Bayesian inference; Markov-Chain Monte Carlo; probability integral transform; deviance information criterion
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Men, Z.; Kolkiewicz, A.W.; Wirjanto, T.S. Threshold Stochastic Conditional Duration Model for Financial Transaction Data. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12, 88.

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