Creation of a Métis-Specific Instrument for Cancer Screening: A Scoping Review of Cancer-Screening Programs and Instruments
Who Are the Métis
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Data Sources
2.2. Search Strategy
2.3. Study Selection
2.4. Data Collection
2.5. Data Charting
3.1. Themes across the Included Articles
3.2. Creation of a Métis-Specific Cancer-Screening Instrument
Institutional Review Board Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Concept||Synonym (Keyword)||Synonym (MeSH)|
|Questionnaires||Survey*; questionnaire*; “instrument development”; psychometric*; scale*; metric*; benchmark*; matrix; measure*; indicator*||“surveys and questionnaires”; psychometrics; benchmarking|
|Evaluation||Knowledge; validat*; belief*; “psychometric testing”; assess*; evaluat*||Knowledge; health knowledge, attitudes, practice; validation study; culture; evaluation study|
|Cancer Screening Programs||“early detection of cancer”; “mass screening; “cancer prevention”; “cancer screening”; screen* adj3 cancer||“early detection of cancer”; mass screening|
|Cancer Types||“breast cancer”; “breast neoplasm*”; “breast carcinoma”; “breast tumor*” ’ “breast tumour*”; “cervical cancer”; “cervical neoplasm*”; “cervical carcinoma”; “cervical tumor*”; “cervical tumour*”; “colorectal cancer”; “colorectal neoplasm*”; “colorectal carcinoma”; “colorectal tumor*”; “colorectal tumour*”; “colon cancer”; “colonic neoplasm*”; “colonic carcinoma”; “colonic tumour*”; “colonic tumor*”; “colon neoplasm*”; “colon carcinoma”; “colon tumor*”; “colon tumour*”; “rectal cancer”; “rectal neoplasm*”; “rectal carcinoma”; “rectal tumor*”; “rectal tumour*”||breast neoplasms; uterine cervical neoplasms; colorectal neoplasms; colonic neoplasms; rectal neoplasms|
|Cancer 1||Cancer; neoplasm*; carcinoma; tumor*; tumour*; oncology; “medical oncology”||neoplasms; carcinoma; medical oncology|
|Breast/Cervix/Colon/Rectum||Breast; cervix||Breast; cervix uteri; colon; rectum|
|Breast/Cervical/Colorectal Cancer Screening||“breast cancer screening”; “cervical cancer screening”; “colorectal cancer screening”; screen* adj3 “breast cancer”; screen* adj3 “cervical cancer”; screen* adj3 “colorectal cancer”; mammography; mammogram*; “pap smear”; “Papanicolaou test”; “fecal immunochemical test”; “faecal immunochemical test”; “fecal occult blood test”; “faecal occult blood test”; colonoscopy||Mammography; Papanicolaou Test; occult blood; colonoscopy|
|Indigenous/Aboriginal 2||Indigenous; Aboriginal; Metis; Inuit*; “First Nations”; “native people”; “native Canadian”; Maori; “native American”||indigenous peoples; indigenous Canadians; American natives; Indians, North American; Inuits; oceanic ancestry group|
|Umbrella Terms||Top Sub-Themes|
|Attitudes||Health motivation, general health motivation, general health checkup, asymptomatic screening, self-efficacy|
|Knowledge||Awareness of cure, purpose of screening, awareness of risk factors, awareness of screening practices|
|Behaviours||Screening history, screening behaviour(s)|
|Beliefs||Faith of cure, fate, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, perceived risk, perceived susceptibility, severity of cancer|
|Barriers||Embarrassment, lack of insurance, cost, language barriers, transportation, worry|
|Facilitators||Prior screening, good physician experience, social support, provider recommendation|
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Letendre, A.; Khan, M.; Bartel, R.; Chiang, B.; James, A.; Shewchuk, B.; Kima, J.; Macphail, M.; Vaska, M.; Schwann, M.; et al. Creation of a Métis-Specific Instrument for Cancer Screening: A Scoping Review of Cancer-Screening Programs and Instruments. Curr. Oncol. 2023, 30, 9849-9859. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol30110715
Letendre A, Khan M, Bartel R, Chiang B, James A, Shewchuk B, Kima J, Macphail M, Vaska M, Schwann M, et al. Creation of a Métis-Specific Instrument for Cancer Screening: A Scoping Review of Cancer-Screening Programs and Instruments. Current Oncology. 2023; 30(11):9849-9859. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol30110715Chicago/Turabian Style
Letendre, Angeline, Momtafin Khan, Reagan Bartel, Bonnie Chiang, Ashton James, Brittany Shewchuk, June Kima, Meghan Macphail, Marcus Vaska, Monica Schwann, and et al. 2023. "Creation of a Métis-Specific Instrument for Cancer Screening: A Scoping Review of Cancer-Screening Programs and Instruments" Current Oncology 30, no. 11: 9849-9859. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol30110715