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Emerging Concepts in the Surgical Management of Peri-Acetabular Metastatic Bone Disease
Review

Current Overview of Treatment for Metastatic Bone Disease

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840, Shijo-cho, Kashihara 634-8521, Nara, Japan
2
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840, Shijo-cho, Kashihara 634-8521, Nara, Japan
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Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy
4
First Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 41 Ventouri Street, 15562 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(5), 3347-3372; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050290
Received: 12 July 2021 / Revised: 13 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 29 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Treatment of Bone Metastasis)
The number of patients with bone metastasis increases as medical management and surgery improve the overall survival of patients with cancer. Bone metastasis can cause skeletal complications, including bone pain, pathological fractures, spinal cord or nerve root compression, and hypercalcemia. Before initiation of treatment for bone metastasis, it is important to exclude primary bone malignancy, which would require a completely different therapeutic approach. It is essential to select surgical methods considering the patient’s prognosis, quality of life, postoperative function, and risk of postoperative complications. Therefore, bone metastasis treatment requires a multidisciplinary team approach, including radiologists, oncologists, and orthopedic surgeons. Recently, many novel palliative treatment options have emerged for bone metastases, such as stereotactic body radiation therapy, radiopharmaceuticals, vertebroplasty, minimally invasive spine stabilization with percutaneous pedicle screws, acetabuloplasty, embolization, thermal ablation techniques, electrochemotherapy, and high-intensity focused ultrasound. These techniques are beneficial for patients who may not benefit from surgery or radiotherapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: metastasis; bone; cancer; nailing; resection; radiotherapy; chemotherapy; embolization; thermal ablation; electrochemotherapy metastasis; bone; cancer; nailing; resection; radiotherapy; chemotherapy; embolization; thermal ablation; electrochemotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsukamoto, S.; Kido, A.; Tanaka, Y.; Facchini, G.; Peta, G.; Rossi, G.; Mavrogenis, A.F. Current Overview of Treatment for Metastatic Bone Disease. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 3347-3372. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050290

AMA Style

Tsukamoto S, Kido A, Tanaka Y, Facchini G, Peta G, Rossi G, Mavrogenis AF. Current Overview of Treatment for Metastatic Bone Disease. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(5):3347-3372. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050290

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsukamoto, Shinji, Akira Kido, Yasuhito Tanaka, Giancarlo Facchini, Giuliano Peta, Giuseppe Rossi, and Andreas F. Mavrogenis 2021. "Current Overview of Treatment for Metastatic Bone Disease" Current Oncology 28, no. 5: 3347-3372. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050290

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