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Article

Oncofertility in Canada: The Impact of Cancer on Fertility

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
2
McGill University Health Centre, Reproductive Centre, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2013, 20(4), 338-344; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.20.1358
Received: 2 May 2013 / Revised: 3 June 2013 / Accepted: 4 July 2013 / Published: 1 August 2013
Background: Cancer can be a devastating diagnosis. In particular, malignancy and its indicated treatments have profoundly negative effects on the fertility of young cancer patients. Oncofertility has emerged as a new interdisciplinary field to address the issue of gonadotoxicity associated with cancer therapies and to facilitate fertility preservation. In Canada, these fertility issues are often inadequately addressed despite the availability of resources. The goal of this four-part series is to facilitate systemic improvements in fertility preservation for adolescent and young adult Canadians with a new diagnosis of cancer. Methods: In this article, we review the gonadotoxic effects of cancer treatment on young men and women of reproductive age. Results: The detrimental effects of cancer on fertility can be severe and may vary depending on the chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgical treatments involved. Conclusions: Fertility preservation should be addressed in an effort to mitigate the gonadal damage that may come with cancer therapy.
Keywords: oncofertility; fertility preservation; cryopreservation; gonadotoxicity; young adult; adolescent oncofertility; fertility preservation; cryopreservation; gonadotoxicity; young adult; adolescent
MDPI and ACS Style

Ronn, R.; Holzer, H.E.G. Oncofertility in Canada: The Impact of Cancer on Fertility. Curr. Oncol. 2013, 20, 338-344. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.20.1358

AMA Style

Ronn R, Holzer HEG. Oncofertility in Canada: The Impact of Cancer on Fertility. Current Oncology. 2013; 20(4):338-344. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.20.1358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ronn, R., and H.E.G. Holzer 2013. "Oncofertility in Canada: The Impact of Cancer on Fertility" Current Oncology 20, no. 4: 338-344. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.20.1358

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