Factors Related to Psychological Distress in Suicide Prevention Supporters during the COVID-19 Pandemic
2. Theoretical Framework
3. Materials & Methods
3.1. Background and Recruitment Procedure
3.3. Statistical Analysis
4.1. Characteristics of Respondents
4.2. Relationship between Psychological Distress and Each Item
4.3. Special Note about the Open-Ended Question
- Media reports stirred up anxiety about COVID-19 in order to draw attention to the issue.
- The impact of the celebrity suicides, which were widely reported on around the same time.
- The problematic nature of how the Inochi no Denwa was being depicted by the media at that time.
- Anger and helplessness over these issues.
- Insufficient understanding of infection control measures for patients
- Insufficient telemedicine system
5.1. Comparison of HVs and HCWs
5.2. Psychological Distress of HVs
5.3. Psychological Distress of HCWs
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Variables||N||%||HV (N = 537)||HCW (N = 281)||p Value|
|Years’ experience in mental health welfare field||<0.001|
|Treatment of people who had suicidal thoughts or who had attempted suicide triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic |
(from February 2020)
|Number of people treated||<0.001|
|Danger of being infected with COVID-19||180||17.8||167||22.3|
|Unable to provide sufficient support due to infection prevention measures||69||6.8||79||10.5|
|Poor tele-support technology||47||4.6||78||10.4|
|Slandered, discriminated against, or bullied||4||0.4||11||1.5|
|Poor infection control in the workplace||26||2.6||34||4.5|
|Poor support from supervisors and co-workers at work||6||0.6||14||1.9|
|Trouble dealing with complainers (those who make excessive demands)||74||7.3||40||5.3|
|Accusations and harassment by clients||75||7.4||9||1.2|
|Insufficient rest with overwork||8||0.8||34||4.5|
|Lack of ability to deal with COVID-19||85||8.4||107||14.3|
|Lack of ability to support people with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts||160||15.8||24||3.2|
|Lack of information on available social resources||143||14.1||57||7.6|
|Excessive media coverage related to COVID-19||129||12.7||77||10.3|
|Lack of support in their personal lives, including places to stay and childcare||8||0.8||18||2.4|
|Variables||OR||[95% CI]||p Value|
|Insufficient rest with overwork||16.52||[3.98–68.54]||<0.001|
|Lack of ability to support people with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts||8.37||[1.42–49.30]||0.019|
|Excessive media coverage related to COVID-19||4.81||[1.30–17.79]||0.019|
|Trouble dealing with complainers (those who make excessive demands)||5.75||[1.38–23.97]||0.016|
|Insufficient rest with overwork||7.57||[2.94–19.51]||<0.001|
|Unable to provide sufficient support to their clients due to infection prevention measures||1.99||[1.11–3.58]||0.022|
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Ujihara, M.; Tachikawa, H.; Takahashi, A.; Gen, T.; Cho, Y. Factors Related to Psychological Distress in Suicide Prevention Supporters during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 4991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20064991
Ujihara M, Tachikawa H, Takahashi A, Gen T, Cho Y. Factors Related to Psychological Distress in Suicide Prevention Supporters during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(6):4991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20064991Chicago/Turabian Style
Ujihara, Masana, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Asumi Takahashi, Towa Gen, and Yoshinori Cho. 2023. "Factors Related to Psychological Distress in Suicide Prevention Supporters during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 6: 4991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20064991