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Article

Spatial Layout Planning of Urban Emergency Shelter Based on Sustainable Disaster Reduction

by 1,*, 1,* and 2
1
Department of Urban and Rural Planning, School of Architecture and Design, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
Department of Architecture, School of Architecture and Design, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 2127; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032127
Received: 19 December 2022 / Revised: 6 January 2023 / Accepted: 6 January 2023 / Published: 24 January 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends in Urban Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development)

Abstract

An urban emergency shelter provides a place of temporary life and shelter for victims after a disaster. As a very important public service facility, its spatial layout is greatly related to the security of lives and the property of the urban residents. Upholding the concept of sustainable disaster reduction, this study took the central urban area of Xuzhou as an example. Based on the analysis of ArcGIS software, this study analyzed and planned the spatial layout of emergency shelters in Xuzhou and visualized the service area ratio, service population ratio, service capacity ratio, and service overlap rate of each administrative district. Finally, 73 fixed emergency shelters were determined, among which eight were classified as central shelters. At the same time, through consulting the relevant data, it was found that similar problems such as potential safety hazard, blind areas, service overlapping, and mismatch of shelter layout and actual needs also exist in other cities. Finally, in light of the existing problems, relevant suggestions are provided for the adjustment and optimization of the layout of emergency shelters.
Keywords: emergency shelter; central urban area of Xuzhou; ArcGIS; layout optimization emergency shelter; central urban area of Xuzhou; ArcGIS; layout optimization

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, W.; Xing, H.; Kang, W. Spatial Layout Planning of Urban Emergency Shelter Based on Sustainable Disaster Reduction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 2127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032127

AMA Style

Zhu W, Xing H, Kang W. Spatial Layout Planning of Urban Emergency Shelter Based on Sustainable Disaster Reduction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(3):2127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032127

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhu, Wenlong, Houlong Xing, and Wenlu Kang. 2023. "Spatial Layout Planning of Urban Emergency Shelter Based on Sustainable Disaster Reduction" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 3: 2127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032127

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