Next Article in Journal
Association of Updating Identification Documents with Suicidal Ideation and Attempts among Transgender and Nonbinary Youth
Previous Article in Journal
The Development of ICT-Based Exercise Rehabilitation Service Contents for Patients with Musculoskeletal Disorders and Stroke
 
 
Article

Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease, Medication, and Laboratory Investigation among Nephrology and Urology Patients of Quetta, Pakistan

1
College of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
2
Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta 87300, Pakistan
3
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
4
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Pécs Medical School, Szigeti út 12., 7624 Pécs, Hungary
5
Department of Oral Biology and Experimental Dental Research, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
6
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu 21300, Malaysia
7
Qualitative Research-Methodological Application in Health Sciences Research Group, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5015; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095015
Received: 21 February 2022 / Revised: 15 April 2022 / Accepted: 18 April 2022 / Published: 20 April 2022
Patients’ awareness is critical in medical care, as it can serve as an input into the adjustment of interventions. The aim of study was to explore the level of awareness regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD), its medications, and laboratory investigations among nephrology and urology patients of Quetta. The cross-sectional study was used by adopting and culturally modifying a questionnaire. By convenient sampling technique, a total of 500 questionnaires were self-administered to inpatients, outpatients, and dialysis patients, and 468 responses (response rate 93.6%) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and reliability analysis were performed on SPSS v25. A majority, 50.3% (n = 235), was unaware of symptoms that will develop due to worsening of disease, while 56.2% (n = 263) were unaware of what aggravates their kidney function. Almost half of the affected individuals, 47.4% (n = 222), have no understanding about the long-term prognosis of the disease. The majority of the respondents, 51.5% (n = 248), do not know about the names and usage of medications, and 62.4% (n = 292) were unaware of the medicines that may impair kidney function; more than half, 66.7% (n = 312), were unaware about the necessary laboratory investigations. A strong association between awareness and patient education level was found (p < 0.001). Awareness regarding disease condition, medications, and laboratory investigations of CKD among nephrology and urology patients of Quetta was found out to be low, which needs immediate educational intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: awareness; knowledge; CKD; nephrology; urology; laboratory; medications awareness; knowledge; CKD; nephrology; urology; laboratory; medications
MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, J.; Azhar, S.; ul Haq, N.; Hussain, S.; Stájer, A.; Urbán, E.; Gajdács, M.; Jamshed, S. Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease, Medication, and Laboratory Investigation among Nephrology and Urology Patients of Quetta, Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5015. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095015

AMA Style

Ahmed J, Azhar S, ul Haq N, Hussain S, Stájer A, Urbán E, Gajdács M, Jamshed S. Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease, Medication, and Laboratory Investigation among Nephrology and Urology Patients of Quetta, Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5015. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmed, Jahanzaib, Saira Azhar, Noman ul Haq, Sajjad Hussain, Anette Stájer, Edit Urbán, Márió Gajdács, and Shazia Jamshed. 2022. "Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease, Medication, and Laboratory Investigation among Nephrology and Urology Patients of Quetta, Pakistan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5015. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095015

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop