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Article

Evaluation of E-Learning Experience among Health and Allied Health Professions Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Slovenia: An Instrument Development and Validation Study

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, Polje 42, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
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Academic Editors: Emilio Abad-Segura, Mariana-Daniela González-Zamar, Esteban Vázquez-Cano and Eloy López Meneses
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4777; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084777
Received: 12 March 2022 / Revised: 9 April 2022 / Accepted: 12 April 2022 / Published: 14 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of COVID-19: Issues on Health Economics and Education)
COVID-19 had an impact on everyday life, especially during the lockdown. This also impacted higher education, leading to a sudden and complete shift to online e-learning. The purpose of this study was to develop, validate, and test a measurement tool suitable for evaluating students’ e-learning experience among health and allied health professions students. The convenience sample consisted of 342 students. A validation of the instrument E-learning Experience Evaluation Scale (3E-Scale) was conducted before the study began. Factor structure, reliability, content, and face validity were assessed. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a four-factor structure of the scale that explained 61% of the total variance. The overall scale demonstrated a high level of reliability and appears to be a reliable measurement tool. The results show that there are statistically significant differences between female and male students (p < 0.05). In addition, nursing and dietetics students perceive more barriers related to the open-source learning management system than other students (p < 0.05). Positive learning experiences contribute to greater learning satisfaction and, consequently, greater learning engagement. E-learning content design should be aligned with teaching pedagogy and learning outcomes. Future studies should also address the negative consequences of e-learning experiences. View Full-Text
Keywords: distance education; evaluation; instrument development; e-learning environments; information and communication technology; higher education distance education; evaluation; instrument development; e-learning environments; information and communication technology; higher education
MDPI and ACS Style

Prosen, M.; Karnjuš, I.; Ličen, S. Evaluation of E-Learning Experience among Health and Allied Health Professions Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Slovenia: An Instrument Development and Validation Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084777

AMA Style

Prosen M, Karnjuš I, Ličen S. Evaluation of E-Learning Experience among Health and Allied Health Professions Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Slovenia: An Instrument Development and Validation Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(8):4777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084777

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prosen, Mirko, Igor Karnjuš, and Sabina Ličen. 2022. "Evaluation of E-Learning Experience among Health and Allied Health Professions Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Slovenia: An Instrument Development and Validation Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 8: 4777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084777

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