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Article

Influence of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) Gene Polymorphisms on Safety and Efficacy of Methylphenidate Treatment in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

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Department of Pharmacokinetics and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Pomeranian Medical University, Aleja Powstancόw Wielkopolskich 72 St., 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
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Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Pomeranian Medical University, Aleja Powstancόw Wielkopolskich 72 St., 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4479; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084479
Received: 7 February 2022 / Revised: 29 March 2022 / Accepted: 6 April 2022 / Published: 8 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pregnancy and Child Health)
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in a course of high prenatal alcohol exposure (hPAE) are among the most common causes of developmental disorders. The main reason for pharmacological treatment of FASD children is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and methylphenidate (MPH) is the drug of choice. The aim of the study was to assess whether children born of hPAE with ADHD, with or without morphological FASD, differ in terms of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) gene polymorphisms, and if genetic predisposition affects response and safety of MPH treatment. The polymorphisms of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) were analyzed in DNA samples. A borderline significance was found for the correlation between MPH side effects and the G allele of COMT (rs4680) (p = 0.04994) in all ADHD children. No effect of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) polymorphisms and the treatment efficacy was observed. The analyzed DRD2 and COMT gene polymorphisms seem to play no role in MPH efficacy in ADHD children with hPAE, while low-activity COMT (Met158) variant carriers may be more intolerant to MPH. The MPH treatment is effective in ADHD independent of FASD, although the ADHD-FASD variant requires higher doses to be successful. These results may help in optimization and individualization in child psychiatry. View Full-Text
Keywords: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD); attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD); methylphenidate treatment; catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT); dopamine-2 receptor (DRD2); gene polymorphisms fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD); attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD); methylphenidate treatment; catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT); dopamine-2 receptor (DRD2); gene polymorphisms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Śmiarowska, M.; Brzuchalski, B.; Grzywacz, E.; Malinowski, D.; Machoy-Mokrzyńska, A.; Pierzchlińska, A.; Białecka, M. Influence of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) Gene Polymorphisms on Safety and Efficacy of Methylphenidate Treatment in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4479. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084479

AMA Style

Śmiarowska M, Brzuchalski B, Grzywacz E, Malinowski D, Machoy-Mokrzyńska A, Pierzchlińska A, Białecka M. Influence of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) Gene Polymorphisms on Safety and Efficacy of Methylphenidate Treatment in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(8):4479. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084479

Chicago/Turabian Style

Śmiarowska, Małgorzata, Bogusław Brzuchalski, Elżbieta Grzywacz, Damian Malinowski, Anna Machoy-Mokrzyńska, Anna Pierzchlińska, and Monika Białecka. 2022. "Influence of COMT (rs4680) and DRD2 (rs1076560, rs1800497) Gene Polymorphisms on Safety and Efficacy of Methylphenidate Treatment in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 8: 4479. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084479

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