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Review

Mental Health Screening Approaches for Resettling Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Scoping Review

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C.T. Lamont Primary Care Research Center, Bruyère Research Institute, 85 Primrose Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1R 7G5, Canada
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Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University Private, Ottawa, ON K1N 7K4, Canada
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Department of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa, 75 Laurier Ave E, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Pinecrest-Queensway Community Health Centre, 1365 Richmond Rd #2, Ottawa, ON K2B 6R7, Canada
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Ottawa Newcomer Health Centre, 291 Argyle, Ottawa, ON K2P 1B8, Canada
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON K1H 8M5, Canada
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School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, ON K1G 5Z3, Canada
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Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1H 5B2, Canada
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Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, 155 College St, Toronto, ON M5T 3M6, Canada
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Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Queen’s University, 99 University Ave, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
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Department of Family Medicine, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Greg Armstrong and Shameran Slewa-Younan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3549; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063549
Received: 27 January 2022 / Revised: 7 March 2022 / Accepted: 8 March 2022 / Published: 16 March 2022
Refugees and asylum seekers often face delayed mental health diagnoses, treatment, and care. COVID-19 has exacerbated these issues. Delays in diagnosis and care can reduce the impact of resettlement services and may lead to poor long-term outcomes. This scoping review aims to characterize studies that report on mental health screening for resettling refugees and asylum seekers pre-departure and post-arrival to a resettlement state. We systematically searched six bibliographic databases for articles published between 1995 and 2020 and conducted a grey literature search. We included publications that evaluated early mental health screening approaches for refugees of all ages. Our search identified 25,862 citations and 70 met the full eligibility criteria. We included 45 publications that described mental health screening programs, 25 screening tool validation studies, and we characterized 85 mental health screening tools. Two grey literature reports described pre-departure mental health screening. Among the included publications, three reported on two programs for women, 11 reported on programs for children and adolescents, and four reported on approaches for survivors of torture. Programs most frequently screened for overall mental health, PTSD, and depression. Important considerations that emerged from the literature include cultural and psychological safety to prevent re-traumatization and digital tools to offer more private and accessible self-assessments. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee; asylum seeker; mental health; resettlement; migration; screening; health assessment refugee; asylum seeker; mental health; resettlement; migration; screening; health assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magwood, O.; Kassam, A.; Mavedatnia, D.; Mendonca, O.; Saad, A.; Hasan, H.; Madana, M.; Ranger, D.; Tan, Y.; Pottie, K. Mental Health Screening Approaches for Resettling Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063549

AMA Style

Magwood O, Kassam A, Mavedatnia D, Mendonca O, Saad A, Hasan H, Madana M, Ranger D, Tan Y, Pottie K. Mental Health Screening Approaches for Resettling Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magwood, Olivia, Azaad Kassam, Dorsa Mavedatnia, Oreen Mendonca, Ammar Saad, Hafsa Hasan, Maria Madana, Dominique Ranger, Yvonne Tan, and Kevin Pottie. 2022. "Mental Health Screening Approaches for Resettling Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3549. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063549

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