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Review

The Role of 3D Printing in Planning Complex Medical Procedures and Training of Medical Professionals—Cross-Sectional Multispecialty Review

1
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Defects, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
2
First Doctoral School, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
3
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore 169608, Singapore
4
Department of General, Endocrine and Transplant Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-214 Gdańsk, Poland
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University Clinical Centre in Gdańsk, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-214 Gdańsk, Poland
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Neurosurgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology, Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
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1st Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
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Institute of Outcomes Research, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Medical Academy, 03-411 Warsaw, Poland
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Research Unit, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Bialystok Oncology Center, 15-027 Bialystok, Poland
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Henry JN Taub Department of Emergency Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
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Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children’s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 30-663 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3331; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063331
Received: 18 January 2022 / Revised: 18 February 2022 / Accepted: 5 March 2022 / Published: 11 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights in Pediatric Cardiology)
Medicine is a rapidly-evolving discipline, with progress picking up pace with each passing decade. This constant evolution results in the introduction of new tools and methods, which in turn occasionally leads to paradigm shifts across the affected medical fields. The following review attempts to showcase how 3D printing has begun to reshape and improve processes across various medical specialties and where it has the potential to make a significant impact. The current state-of-the-art, as well as real-life clinical applications of 3D printing, are reflected in the perspectives of specialists practicing in the selected disciplines, with a focus on pre-procedural planning, simulation (rehearsal) of non-routine procedures, and on medical education and training. A review of the latest multidisciplinary literature on the subject offers a general summary of the advances enabled by 3D printing. Numerous advantages and applications were found, such as gaining better insight into patient-specific anatomy, better pre-operative planning, mock simulated surgeries, simulation-based training and education, development of surgical guides and other tools, patient-specific implants, bioprinted organs or structures, and counseling of patients. It was evident that pre-procedural planning and rehearsing of unusual or difficult procedures and training of medical professionals in these procedures are extremely useful and transformative. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; three-dimensional printing; additive manufacturing; cardiology; surgery; cardiac surgery; urology; obstetrics; gynecology; oncology; radiotherapy; orthopedics; trauma; otolaryngology; head and neck surgery; mandible reconstruction; training; simulation; outcomes 3D printing; three-dimensional printing; additive manufacturing; cardiology; surgery; cardiac surgery; urology; obstetrics; gynecology; oncology; radiotherapy; orthopedics; trauma; otolaryngology; head and neck surgery; mandible reconstruction; training; simulation; outcomes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meyer-Szary, J.; Luis, M.S.; Mikulski, S.; Patel, A.; Schulz, F.; Tretiakow, D.; Fercho, J.; Jaguszewska, K.; Frankiewicz, M.; Pawłowska, E.; Targoński, R.; Szarpak, Ł.; Dądela, K.; Sabiniewicz, R.; Kwiatkowska, J. The Role of 3D Printing in Planning Complex Medical Procedures and Training of Medical Professionals—Cross-Sectional Multispecialty Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063331

AMA Style

Meyer-Szary J, Luis MS, Mikulski S, Patel A, Schulz F, Tretiakow D, Fercho J, Jaguszewska K, Frankiewicz M, Pawłowska E, Targoński R, Szarpak Ł, Dądela K, Sabiniewicz R, Kwiatkowska J. The Role of 3D Printing in Planning Complex Medical Procedures and Training of Medical Professionals—Cross-Sectional Multispecialty Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meyer-Szary, Jarosław, Marlon Souza Luis, Szymon Mikulski, Agastya Patel, Finn Schulz, Dmitry Tretiakow, Justyna Fercho, Kinga Jaguszewska, Mikołaj Frankiewicz, Ewa Pawłowska, Radosław Targoński, Łukasz Szarpak, Katarzyna Dądela, Robert Sabiniewicz, and Joanna Kwiatkowska. 2022. "The Role of 3D Printing in Planning Complex Medical Procedures and Training of Medical Professionals—Cross-Sectional Multispecialty Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063331

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