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Review

Understanding How and Why Alcohol Interventions Prevent and Reduce Problematic Alcohol Consumption among Older Adults: A Systematic Review

1
Tranzo Scientific Center for Care and Wellbeing, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
2
Department of Health Promotion, Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3188; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063188
Received: 17 January 2022 / Revised: 5 March 2022 / Accepted: 6 March 2022 / Published: 8 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Aging)
Problematic alcohol use has been increasing in older adults (55+) in recent decades. Many of the effective interventions that are available to prevent or reduce the negative effects of alcohol consumption are aimed at adults in general. It is unclear whether these interventions also work for older adults. The objective of this review was to understand how (i.e., which elements), in which context, and why (which mechanisms) interventions are successful in preventing or reducing (problematic) alcohol consumption among older adults. A systematic review of articles published between 2000 and 2022 was performed using PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and CHINAHL. Realist evaluation was used to analyze the data. We found 61 studies on interventions aimed at preventing or reducing problematic alcohol use. Most of the interventions were not specifically designed for older adults but also included older adults. The findings of the current study highlight three major effective elements of interventions: (1) providing information on the consequences of alcohol consumption; (2) being in contact with others and communicating with them about (alcohol) problems; and (3) personalized feedback about drinking behavior. Two of these elements were also used in the interventions especially designed for older adults. Being in contact with others and communicating with them about (alcohol) problems is an important element to pay attention to for developers of alcohol interventions for older adults because loneliness is a problem for this age group and there is a relationship between the use of alcohol and loneliness. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; older adults; interventions; effective elements; realist evaluation alcohol; older adults; interventions; effective elements; realist evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boumans, J.; van de Mheen, D.; Crutzen, R.; Dupont, H.; Bovens, R.; Rozema, A. Understanding How and Why Alcohol Interventions Prevent and Reduce Problematic Alcohol Consumption among Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063188

AMA Style

Boumans J, van de Mheen D, Crutzen R, Dupont H, Bovens R, Rozema A. Understanding How and Why Alcohol Interventions Prevent and Reduce Problematic Alcohol Consumption among Older Adults: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063188

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boumans, Jogé, Dike van de Mheen, Rik Crutzen, Hans Dupont, Rob Bovens, and Andrea Rozema. 2022. "Understanding How and Why Alcohol Interventions Prevent and Reduce Problematic Alcohol Consumption among Older Adults: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3188. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063188

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