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Article

Influence of “Face-to-Face Contact” and “Non-Face-to-Face Contact” on the Subsequent Decline in Self-Rated Health and Mental Health Status of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Japanese Adults: A Two-Year Prospective Study

Research Team for Social Participation and Community Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2218; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042218
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 9 February 2022 / Accepted: 10 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthy Aging in Japan)
This study aims to identify the independent influence of face-to-face contact (FFC) and non-face-to-face contact (NFFC) on the subsequent decline in self-rated health and mental health status by age. A total of 12,000 participants were randomly selected among residents in the study area, and 1751 of them responded to both the 2016 and 2018 mail surveys. The participants were subsequently classified into three age groups (25–49: Young adults; 50–64: Mid-aged adults; and 65–84: Older adults). Social contact was assessed by computing the frequencies of FFC and NFFC. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed the risk of social contact on the decline in self-rated health and World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index. Both FFC and NFFC were significantly associated with maintaining mental health; however, the impacts of FFC on mental health were more significant than that of NFFC among older adults and young adults. Compared with the no contact group, FFC was significantly associated with maintaining self-rated health in mid-aged adults. The influence of FFC and NFFC on health differed by age group. View Full-Text
Keywords: social contact; face-to-face contacts; non-face-to-face contacts; age classes; self-rated health; mental health; longitudinal study social contact; face-to-face contacts; non-face-to-face contacts; age classes; self-rated health; mental health; longitudinal study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fujiwara, Y.; Nonaka, K.; Kuraoka, M.; Murayama, Y.; Murayama, S.; Nemoto, Y.; Tanaka, M.; Matsunaga, H.; Fujita, K.; Murayama, H.; Kobayashi, E. Influence of “Face-to-Face Contact” and “Non-Face-to-Face Contact” on the Subsequent Decline in Self-Rated Health and Mental Health Status of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Japanese Adults: A Two-Year Prospective Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042218

AMA Style

Fujiwara Y, Nonaka K, Kuraoka M, Murayama Y, Murayama S, Nemoto Y, Tanaka M, Matsunaga H, Fujita K, Murayama H, Kobayashi E. Influence of “Face-to-Face Contact” and “Non-Face-to-Face Contact” on the Subsequent Decline in Self-Rated Health and Mental Health Status of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Japanese Adults: A Two-Year Prospective Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4):2218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042218

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fujiwara, Yoshinori, Kumiko Nonaka, Masataka Kuraoka, Yoh Murayama, Sachiko Murayama, Yuta Nemoto, Motoki Tanaka, Hiroko Matsunaga, Koji Fujita, Hiroshi Murayama, and Erika Kobayashi. 2022. "Influence of “Face-to-Face Contact” and “Non-Face-to-Face Contact” on the Subsequent Decline in Self-Rated Health and Mental Health Status of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Japanese Adults: A Two-Year Prospective Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 4: 2218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042218

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