Next Article in Journal
Influence of “Face-to-Face Contact” and “Non-Face-to-Face Contact” on the Subsequent Decline in Self-Rated Health and Mental Health Status of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Japanese Adults: A Two-Year Prospective Study
Previous Article in Journal
Prevalence of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Different Clinical Stages before the National COVID-19 Vaccination Programme in Malaysia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
 
 
Article

Association between Pet Ownership and Mental Health and Well-Being of Canadians Assessed in a Cross-Sectional Study during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Independent Researcher, Amqui, QC G5J 2N5, Canada
2
Département de Pathologie et Microbiologie, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada
3
Centre de Recherche en Santé Publique (CReSP), Montreal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada
4
Groupe de Recherche en Épidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique (GREZOSP), Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M1, Canada
5
Faculté des Sciences Infirmières, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
6
Département de Sciences Cliniques, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada
7
Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, École de Santé Publique, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter Coventry, Hayley Christian and Raphael M. Herr
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2215; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042215
Received: 8 December 2021 / Revised: 27 January 2022 / Accepted: 12 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the association between pet ownership and quality of life (QoL), loneliness, anxiety, stress, overall health, and mental health of Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic using a One Health perspective. An online bilingual survey was completed by 1500 Canadians in April–May 2021. Socio-demographics, health, QoL, stress and anxiety, loneliness, social support, pet ownership, and attitude towards pets data were collected. Crude and adjusted associations between pet ownership and mental health and well-being indicators were estimated. The 1500 participants were from all provinces and territories, half were women; half of the participants were pet owners by design. The crude association estimates showed that pet owners had poorer QoL, overall health, and mental health than non-pet owners, and were lonelier, more stressed, and more anxious than non-pet owners. Adjusted estimates showed that these associations disappeared with the inclusion of the confounders (socio-economic, demographic, health, and pet-related variables). Our results suggest that there was no association between pet ownership and the mental health and well-being indicators measured in the present study. View Full-Text
Keywords: companion animal; generalized anxiety disorder; One Health; quality of life; stress companion animal; generalized anxiety disorder; One Health; quality of life; stress
  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Link: https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/JKDKWY
    Description: The objectives of this study were to assess the association of pet ownership and the quality of life, loneliness, anxiety, stress, and mental health of Canadians during the confinement measures following second wave of COVID-19 in Canada. This dataset contains the questionnaires (English and French), the data, and the R code used between April and November 2021.
MDPI and ACS Style

Denis-Robichaud, J.; Aenishaenslin, C.; Richard, L.; Desmarchelier, M.; Carabin, H. Association between Pet Ownership and Mental Health and Well-Being of Canadians Assessed in a Cross-Sectional Study during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2215. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042215

AMA Style

Denis-Robichaud J, Aenishaenslin C, Richard L, Desmarchelier M, Carabin H. Association between Pet Ownership and Mental Health and Well-Being of Canadians Assessed in a Cross-Sectional Study during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4):2215. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042215

Chicago/Turabian Style

Denis-Robichaud, José, Cécile Aenishaenslin, Lucie Richard, Marion Desmarchelier, and Hélène Carabin. 2022. "Association between Pet Ownership and Mental Health and Well-Being of Canadians Assessed in a Cross-Sectional Study during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 4: 2215. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042215

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop