The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Lessons Are We Learning on 4IR and the Sustainable Development Goals
2. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
3. Telemedicine/Telehealth and Goal Three, Ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Wellbeing for All at All Ages
4. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR)
5. Brief Description of AI
6. Brief Outline COVID-19 and the Global Economy
7. Brief Review of Literature
9. Results and Discussion
9.1. Speeding up Research and Treatment of the COVID-19 Related Complications
9.2. AI and Forecasting and Scaling Customer Communications during the Pandemic
9.3. Diagnosis, Containment and Monitoring
9.4. AI and Understanding How COVID-19 Spreads, Treatments and Cures
9.5. AI Lessons on the Fourth Industrial and Sustainable Development Goals
10. Conclusions and Policy Recommendation
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Sustainable Development Goals||Description|
|Goal 1||Put an end to poverty in all of its manifestations around the world.|
|Goal 2||Put an end to hunger and attain food security enhance sustainable agriculture and boost nutrition.|
|Goal 3||Ensure that all people of all ages enjoy healthy lives and are happy.|
|Goal 4||Ensure that all students receive a high-quality education that is inclusive and equitable, and that lifelong learning opportunities are available to all.|
|Goal 5||Assist all women and girls in achieving gender equality.|
|Goal 6||Ensure that all people of all ages enjoy healthy lives and are happy.|
|Goal 7||Ensure that everyone has access to energy that is affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern.|
|Goal 8||Encourage long-term, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, as well as full and productive employment and decent work for everyone.|
|Goal 9||Build a more resilient infrastructure, encourage inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and encourage innovation.|
|Goal 10||Reduce intra- and inter-country inequity.|
|Goal 11||Ensure that cities and human settlements be inclusive, safe, resilient, and long-lasting.|
|Goal 12||Ensure that consumption and production trends are sustainable.|
|Goal 13||Take immediate action to address climate change and its consequences.|
|Goal 14||For sustainable development, conserve and sustainably utilise the oceans, seas, and marine resources.|
|Goal 15||Defend, rebuild, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, manage forests sustainably, prevent desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and stop biodiversity loss.|
|Goal 16||To ensure long-term development, promote peaceful and inclusive societies, ensure universal access to justice, and construct effective, responsible, and inclusive institutions at all levels.|
|Goal 17||Strengthen and revive the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development’s implementation mechanisms.|
|2019 GDP Growth||2020 GDP Growth||2021 Projected Growth||2022 Projected Growth|
|United States of America||2.2||−3.5||6.2||3.2|
|The United Kingdom Great Britain and Northern Island||1.3||−9.9||5.1||5.5|
|Other developed Nations||1.7||−3.5||3.6||2.9|
|2019 GDP Growth||2020 GDP Growth||2021 Projected Growth||2022 Projected Growth|
|Economies in Transition||2.2||−2.7||3.3||3.3|
|Commonwealth of the Independent States and Georgia||2.2||−2.6||3.3||3.3|
|2019 GDP Growth||2020 GDP Growth||2021 Projected Growth||2022 Projected Growth|
|East and South Asia||4.9||−0.1||7.1||5.7|
|Latin America and the Caribbean||−0.3||−7.3||4.3||3.3|
|Mexico and Central America||0.6||−8.2||4.7||3.6|
|Least developed countries||4.9||−0.3||4.0||5.0|
|World trade of Goods and Services||1.2||−8.1||9.4||5.7|
|Journal Articles||Reports||Media Articles||Others|
|Journals targeted were those published from the year 2000 up wards though Work from previous years was considered. Publishers-Springer Nature, Multidisciplinary Publishing, Es, Elsevier Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, etc.||United Nations, The World Bank, The World Health Organization Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) among others||Media articles from Various countries were used for instance United State of America, South Africa, the United Kingdom among other nations.||Various other documents were consulted to come up with the ideas that shaped the trajectory of the study.|
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Mhlanga, D. The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Lessons Are We Learning on 4IR and the Sustainable Development Goals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031879
Mhlanga D. The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Lessons Are We Learning on 4IR and the Sustainable Development Goals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031879Chicago/Turabian Style
Mhlanga, David. 2022. "The Role of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Lessons Are We Learning on 4IR and the Sustainable Development Goals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031879