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Article

Direct Comparison of Elastography Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration and B-Mode Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration in Diagnosing Solid Pancreatic Lesions

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Department of Gastroenterology, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400192 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Department of Gastroenterology, Regional Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology “Prof. Dr. Octavian Fodor”, 400192 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, 400349 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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First Surgical Department, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, 400005 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Department, Babeș-Bolyai University, 400015 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giuseppe Parisi, Rodolfo Sacco and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1302; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031302
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 22 January 2022 / Published: 24 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Clinical Nutrition)
Elastography endoscopic ultrasound (E-EUS) has been proved to be a valuable supplement to endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in differentiating solid pancreatic lesions, but the improvement of EUS-FNA guided during E-EUS has not been proven. Our study aimed to evaluate whether E-EUS fine-needle aspiration (E-EUS-FNA) was superior to B-mode EUS-FNA for the diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses and whether the diagnostic rate was affected by specific factors. Our prospective study was conducted between 2019–2020 by recruiting patients with solid pancreatic masses. E-EUS examination was followed by one pass of E-EUS-FNA towards the blue part of the lesion and a second pass of EUS-FNA. The final diagnosis was based on surgery, E-EUS-FNA or EUS-FNA results, or a 12-month follow-up. Sixty patients with solid pancreatic lesions were evaluated. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for diagnosing malignancy using E-EUS-FNA and EUS-FNA were 89.5%, 100%, 90%, 93%, 100%, and 93.3%, respectively, but the differences were not significant. Neither mass location nor the lesion size influenced the results. The lengths of the core obtained during E-EUS-FNA and EUS-FNA were similar. E-EUS-FNA in solid pancreatic lesions was not superior to B-mode EUS-FNA. View Full-Text
Keywords: elastography; EUS-FNA (endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration); endoscopic ultrasound (EUS); fine needle aspiration (FNA); pancreatic cancer; diagnostic; histology elastography; EUS-FNA (endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration); endoscopic ultrasound (EUS); fine needle aspiration (FNA); pancreatic cancer; diagnostic; histology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gheorghiu, M.; Sparchez, Z.; Rusu, I.; Bolboacă, S.D.; Seicean, R.; Pojoga, C.; Seicean, A. Direct Comparison of Elastography Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration and B-Mode Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration in Diagnosing Solid Pancreatic Lesions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031302

AMA Style

Gheorghiu M, Sparchez Z, Rusu I, Bolboacă SD, Seicean R, Pojoga C, Seicean A. Direct Comparison of Elastography Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration and B-Mode Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration in Diagnosing Solid Pancreatic Lesions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gheorghiu, Marcel, Zeno Sparchez, Ioana Rusu, Sorana D. Bolboacă, Radu Seicean, Cristina Pojoga, and Andrada Seicean. 2022. "Direct Comparison of Elastography Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration and B-Mode Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration in Diagnosing Solid Pancreatic Lesions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031302

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