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Article

The Moderation of Perceived Comfort and Relations with Patients in the Relationship between Secure Workplace Attachment and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in Elderly Facilities Staff

1
Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
2
Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Psychology, Université de Rouen Normandie, 76130 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020963
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 10 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 15 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthy and Active Ageing)
This study focuses on caregivers who work in residential facilities (RFs) for the elderly, and specifically on their organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) in relation to their interaction respectively with the overall context (workplace attachment dimension), the spatial-physical environment (perceived environmental comfort), and the social environment (relationship with patients). A sample of health care workers (medical or health care specialists, nurses, and office employees, n = 129) compiled a self-report paper-pencil questionnaire, which included scales measuring the study variables. The research hypotheses included secure workplace attachment style as independent variable, OCBs as the dependent variable, and perceived comfort and relations with patients as moderators. Results showed that both secure workplace attachment and perceived comfort promote OCBs, but the latter counts especially as a compensation of an insecure workplace attachment. As expected, difficult relationships with patients hinder the relationship between secure workplace attachment style and OCBs. In sum, our study highlights the importance of the joint consideration of the psychological, social, and environmental dimensions for fostering positive behaviors in caregivers employed in elderly care settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: health care workers; secure workplace attachment style; perceived comfort; relationship with patients; organizational citizenship behavior; residential facilities; occupational and organizational health; environmental health health care workers; secure workplace attachment style; perceived comfort; relationship with patients; organizational citizenship behavior; residential facilities; occupational and organizational health; environmental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nonnis, M.; Mura, A.L.; Scrima, F.; Cuccu, S.; Fornara, F. The Moderation of Perceived Comfort and Relations with Patients in the Relationship between Secure Workplace Attachment and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in Elderly Facilities Staff. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020963

AMA Style

Nonnis M, Mura AL, Scrima F, Cuccu S, Fornara F. The Moderation of Perceived Comfort and Relations with Patients in the Relationship between Secure Workplace Attachment and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in Elderly Facilities Staff. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nonnis, Marcello, Alessandro L. Mura, Fabrizio Scrima, Stefania Cuccu, and Ferdinando Fornara. 2022. "The Moderation of Perceived Comfort and Relations with Patients in the Relationship between Secure Workplace Attachment and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in Elderly Facilities Staff" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020963

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