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Article

The Cool Kids as a School-Based Universal Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Anxiety: Results of a Pilot Study

1
Child and Youth Lab, Sigmund Freud University, 20143 Milan, Italy
2
Studi Cognitivi Clinics, Center for the Developmental Age, 20136 Milan, Italy
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Equipe Kairos, 20061 Milan, Italy
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Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
5
Studi Cognitivi, Cognitive Psychotherapy School, 20121 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anna Maria Speranza and Alexandro Fortunato
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 941; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020941
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 7 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
The efficacy of the Cool Kids program has been consistently demonstrated both within Australia and internationally, but limited data are available on the use of Cool Kids as a universal program. The purpose of the study is to evaluate Cool Kids as a universal program for preventing childhood anxiety in the school context. There were 73 Italian children (35 boys and 36 girls, ages 10–13 years) attending the last year of primary school and the first year of middle school who participated in an active intervention based on a school adaptation of the Cool Kids protocol. Results of t-test analyses highlighted a downward trend of anxiety symptoms, especially in total anxiety, somatic anxiety, generalized anxiety, separation anxiety, social anxiety and school phobia at post-treatment assessed by children. Even the score of depression symptoms, measured as a second outcome measure, decreased after the treatment. This study contributes to the evidence base for the Cool Kids program as a universal program for preventing childhood anxiety in the school context. Although these preliminary results show some promise, their replication in future research is necessary given current study limitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; children; Cool Kids; CBT; school; intervention; universal program anxiety; children; Cool Kids; CBT; school; intervention; universal program
MDPI and ACS Style

Scaini, S.; Rossi, F.; Rapee, R.M.; Bonomi, F.; Ruggiero, G.M.; Incerti, A. The Cool Kids as a School-Based Universal Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Anxiety: Results of a Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 941. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020941

AMA Style

Scaini S, Rossi F, Rapee RM, Bonomi F, Ruggiero GM, Incerti A. The Cool Kids as a School-Based Universal Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Anxiety: Results of a Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):941. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020941

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scaini, Simona, Federica Rossi, Ronald M. Rapee, Francesca Bonomi, Giovanni M. Ruggiero, and Alessia Incerti. 2022. "The Cool Kids as a School-Based Universal Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Anxiety: Results of a Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 941. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020941

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