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Article

Exploration of Estimated Emigration Trends of Polish Health Professionals

1
Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
2
Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-088 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lawrence Palinkas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 940; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020940
Received: 5 November 2021 / Revised: 28 December 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Background: Due to the significant staff shortages, emigration of health professionals is one of the key challenges for many healthcare systems. Objective: The aim of this article is to explore the estimated trends and directions of emigration among Polish health professionals. Methods: The emigration phenomenon of Polish health professionals is still under-researched and the number of studies in this field is limited. Thus, the authors have triangulated data using two methods: a data analysis of five national registers maintained by chambers of professionals (doctors, nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, pharmacists, and laboratory diagnosticians), and data analysis from the Regulated Profession Database in The EU Single Market. Results: According to the data from national registers, between 7–9% of practicing doctors and nurses have applied for certificates, which confirm their right to practice their profession in other European countries (most often the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Spain, and Ireland). The relatively high number of such certificates applied for by physiotherapists is also worrying. Emigration among pharmacists and laboratory diagnosticians is rather marginal. Conclusions: Urgent implementation of an effective mechanism for monitoring emigration trends is necessary. Furthermore, it is not possible to retain qualified professionals without systemic improvement of working conditions within the Polish healthcare system. View Full-Text
Keywords: doctors; nurses; physiotherapists; pharmacists; health professionals; healthcare system; emigration; emigration intentions doctors; nurses; physiotherapists; pharmacists; health professionals; healthcare system; emigration; emigration intentions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domagała, A.; Kautsch, M.; Kulbat, A.; Parzonka, K. Exploration of Estimated Emigration Trends of Polish Health Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020940

AMA Style

Domagała A, Kautsch M, Kulbat A, Parzonka K. Exploration of Estimated Emigration Trends of Polish Health Professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020940

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domagała, Alicja, Marcin Kautsch, Aleksandra Kulbat, and Kamila Parzonka. 2022. "Exploration of Estimated Emigration Trends of Polish Health Professionals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020940

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