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Article

Changes in Cigarette Smoking and Vaping in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the UK: Findings from Baseline and 12-Month Follow up of HEBECO Study

1
Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK
2
SPECTRUM Research Consortium, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, UK
3
Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 630; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020630
Received: 13 November 2021 / Revised: 21 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 6 January 2022
This study investigated UK adults’ changes in cigarette smoking and vaping during the COVID-19 pandemic and factors associated with any changes. Data were from an online longitudinal study. A self-selected sample (n = 332) of 228 smokers and 155 vapers (51 participants were both smokers and vapers) completed 5 surveys between April 2020 and June 2021. Participants self-reported data on sociodemographics, COVID-19-related, and smoking/vaping characteristics. During the 12 months of observations, among smokers, 45% self-reported a quit attempt (27.5% due to COVID-19-related reasons) since the onset of COVID-19 pandemic and the quit rate was 17.5%. At 12 months, 35.1% of continuing smokers (n = 174) reported smoking less and 37.9% the same, while 27.0% reported an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked/day. Among vapers, 25.0% self-reported a quit attempt (16.1% due to COVID-19-related reasons) and the quit rate was 18.1%. At 12 months, 47.7% of continuing vapers (n = 109) reported no change in the frequency of vaping/hour, while a similar proportion reported vaping less (27.5%) and more (24.8%). Motivation to quit smoking and being younger were associated with making a smoking quit attempt and smoking cessation. Being a cigarette smoker was associated with vaping cessation. Among a self-selected sample, COVID-19 stimulated more interest in reducing or quitting cigarette smoking than vaping. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; vaping; cessation; COVID-19; UK; cohort study; socioeconomic factors smoking; vaping; cessation; COVID-19; UK; cohort study; socioeconomic factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Kale, D.; Perski, O.; Herbec, A.; Beard, E.; Shahab, L. Changes in Cigarette Smoking and Vaping in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the UK: Findings from Baseline and 12-Month Follow up of HEBECO Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020630

AMA Style

Kale D, Perski O, Herbec A, Beard E, Shahab L. Changes in Cigarette Smoking and Vaping in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the UK: Findings from Baseline and 12-Month Follow up of HEBECO Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020630

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kale, Dimitra, Olga Perski, Aleksandra Herbec, Emma Beard, and Lion Shahab. 2022. "Changes in Cigarette Smoking and Vaping in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the UK: Findings from Baseline and 12-Month Follow up of HEBECO Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020630

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