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Use of Physical Activity and Exercise to Reduce Inflammation in Children and Adolescents with Obesity
 
 
Article

Effects of an Online Supervised Exercise Training in Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Laboratory of Adapted Motor Activity (LAMA), Department of Public Health, Experimental Medicine and Forensic Science, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
BIOMETRA Department, University of Milan, 20129 Milan, Italy
4
Exercise Medicine Unit, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, 20135 Milan, Italy
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Pediatric Department, “Vittore Buzzi” Children’s Hospital, 20154 Milan, Italy
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Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
7
Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy
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School University of Medicine and Surgery, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy
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Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20157 Milan, Italy
10
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9421; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159421
Received: 4 July 2022 / Revised: 28 July 2022 / Accepted: 28 July 2022 / Published: 1 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity, Physical Activity and Exercise in Children and Adolescents)
COVID-19 restrictions have dramatically reduced the active lifestyle and physical activity (PA) levels in the whole population, a situation that can contribute to weight gain and to develop obesity. To improve physical fitness (PF) in children with obesity during COVID-19 restrictions, sport specialists started to deliver physical training through tele-exercise. For these reasons, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-week online supervised training program in children with obesity on different PF components and PA levels. We enrolled a total of 40 Caucasian children (9 F/31 M; aged 11 ± 1.9 years) with obesity. The data collection consisted of a series of anthropometric measures, the PAQ-C questionnaire, and PF tests, valid and reliable tools to assess PF in children. We used a Wilcoxon’s t-test and a Student’s t-test, as appropriate, to assess the differences before and after the training protocol. A total of 37 patients completed the training protocol and were considered in the analysis. Our results show an improvement in all the PF tests, a reduction in the BMI z-score, the waist circumference, and in the waist-to-height ratio, and an increased PA level. In conclusion, the results of our study show that an online supervised training program is effective to promote PA, improving PF and reducing the BMI z-score in children with obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: online exercise; physical fitness; childhood obesity; childhood exercise intervention online exercise; physical fitness; childhood obesity; childhood exercise intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vandoni, M.; Carnevale Pellino, V.; Gatti, A.; Lucini, D.; Mannarino, S.; Larizza, C.; Rossi, V.; Tranfaglia, V.; Pirazzi, A.; Biino, V.; Zuccotti, G.; Calcaterra, V. Effects of an Online Supervised Exercise Training in Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 9421. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159421

AMA Style

Vandoni M, Carnevale Pellino V, Gatti A, Lucini D, Mannarino S, Larizza C, Rossi V, Tranfaglia V, Pirazzi A, Biino V, Zuccotti G, Calcaterra V. Effects of an Online Supervised Exercise Training in Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(15):9421. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vandoni, Matteo, Vittoria Carnevale Pellino, Alessandro Gatti, Daniela Lucini, Savina Mannarino, Cristiana Larizza, Virginia Rossi, Valeria Tranfaglia, Agnese Pirazzi, Valentina Biino, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, and Valeria Calcaterra. 2022. "Effects of an Online Supervised Exercise Training in Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 15: 9421. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159421

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