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Article

Family Alliance and Intergenerational Transmission of Coparenting in Gay and Heterosexual Single-Father Families through Surrogacy: Associations with Child Attachment Security

Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Piazza Botta 11, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Academic Editors: Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari and Dorit Segal-Engelchin
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7713; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137713
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 21 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
Parents tend to internalize the coparenting model they experienced during childhood and enact it in their coparenting relationships as adults. These interactive patterns may, in turn, shape their children’s internal working models of attachment relationships. The present study recruited 31 gay and 28 heterosexual single-father families through surrogacy to examine family alliance quality and the mediating role of observed supportive and conflictual coparenting in the association between the coparenting quality single fathers experienced in their families of origin and the attachment security of their children. All single fathers lived in Italy, were cisgender and White, and had a child aged 6–12 years (M = 97.73 months; SD = 20.48; 47.5% girls) who they coparented with nonparental caregivers (i.e., 33 grandparents, 18 babysitters, 8 uncles/aunts). Families did not differ in family alliance dimensions based on fathers’ sexual orientation. Additionally, single fathers who experienced greater coparenting quality in their families of origin demonstrated lower levels of conflictual coparenting, which, in turn, were associated with greater child attachment security. In contrast, observed supportive coparenting did not mediate this relation. The results emphasize the need to reconceptualize the dyadic coparental unit in single-father surrogacy families to include extended family members and nonrelatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: coparenting; single fathers; surrogacy; attachment security; extended family network; nonparental caregivers coparenting; single fathers; surrogacy; attachment security; extended family network; nonparental caregivers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carone, N. Family Alliance and Intergenerational Transmission of Coparenting in Gay and Heterosexual Single-Father Families through Surrogacy: Associations with Child Attachment Security. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137713

AMA Style

Carone N. Family Alliance and Intergenerational Transmission of Coparenting in Gay and Heterosexual Single-Father Families through Surrogacy: Associations with Child Attachment Security. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137713

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carone, Nicola. 2022. "Family Alliance and Intergenerational Transmission of Coparenting in Gay and Heterosexual Single-Father Families through Surrogacy: Associations with Child Attachment Security" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137713

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