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Article

Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and Study of Anthropometric, Clinical and Biological Characteristics in Peri- and Postmenopausal Women in the City of Ksar El Kebir (Northern Morocco)

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Laboratory of Biology and Health, Nutrition, Food and Health Sciences Team, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra 14000, Morocco
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Team UAE/U23FS, Department of Biology, Biology and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan 93002, Morocco
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Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Bio Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Analysis Research Team, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat 6203, Morocco
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Physiology and Physiopathology Team, Department of Biology, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat 10056, Morocco
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Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia
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Laboratory of Human Pathologies Biology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, and Genomic Center of Human Pathologies, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat 10106, Morocco
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6109; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106109
Received: 31 March 2022 / Revised: 7 May 2022 / Accepted: 11 May 2022 / Published: 17 May 2022
This study aimed to determine the frequency of metabolic syndrome and to identify its predictive factors in peri- and post-menopausal women in the city of Ksar El Kebir, in northern Morocco. A total of 373 peri- and post-menopausal women between 45 and 64 years old participated in the study. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) definition. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated to assess the degree of obesity in women; anthropometric, clinical and biological parameters were collected during interviews. The mean ages of peri- and postmenopausal women were 48.84 ± 2.4 years and 56.65 ± 4.29 years, respectively. Postmenopausal women had higher means of anthropometric and biological parameters than peri-menopausal women. We also noted a predominance of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women (n = 158) compared to peri-menopausal women (n = 81). Waist circumference was the predominant marker in the subjects studied, whereas triglycerides were the lower marker. In the overall population, the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors were higher in postmenopausal women than in peri-menopausal women, from which it can be concluded that post menopause may be a predictor of metabolic syndrome. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslipidemia; body mass index; peri menopause; post menopause; diabetes; abdominal obesity dyslipidemia; body mass index; peri menopause; post menopause; diabetes; abdominal obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Harraqui, K.; Oudghiri, D.E.; Hannoun, Z.; Naceiri Mrabti, H.; Aboulghras, S.; M. Assaggaf, H.; S. Rajab, B.; A. Attar, A.; Bouyahya, A.; Bour, A. Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and Study of Anthropometric, Clinical and Biological Characteristics in Peri- and Postmenopausal Women in the City of Ksar El Kebir (Northern Morocco). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6109. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106109

AMA Style

Harraqui K, Oudghiri DE, Hannoun Z, Naceiri Mrabti H, Aboulghras S, M. Assaggaf H, S. Rajab B, A. Attar A, Bouyahya A, Bour A. Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and Study of Anthropometric, Clinical and Biological Characteristics in Peri- and Postmenopausal Women in the City of Ksar El Kebir (Northern Morocco). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6109. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harraqui, Khouloud, Dia Eddine Oudghiri, Zineb Hannoun, Hanae Naceiri Mrabti, Sara Aboulghras, Hamza M. Assaggaf, Bodour S. Rajab, Ammar A. Attar, Abdelhakim Bouyahya, and Abdellatif Bour. 2022. "Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and Study of Anthropometric, Clinical and Biological Characteristics in Peri- and Postmenopausal Women in the City of Ksar El Kebir (Northern Morocco)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6109. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106109

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