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Article

Running in Natural Spaces: Gender Analysis of Its Relationship with Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Well-Being, and Physical Activity

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Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa 91190, Mexico
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Red de Biología y Conservación de Vertebrados, Instituto de Ecología A.C., Xalapa 91070, Mexico
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Dimensión Natural S.C., Coatepec 91608, Mexico
4
Sistema de Atención Integral a la Salud, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa 91020, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kristy Howells and Tara Coppinger
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6019; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106019
Received: 8 April 2022 / Revised: 11 May 2022 / Accepted: 13 May 2022 / Published: 15 May 2022
Running is a complete and accessible physical exercise for the population, but little research has been done on the psychological and environmental variables related to its practice. The objective of this research was to determine how emotional intelligence, psychological well-being, and body dissatisfaction are related to running in natural spaces for men and women. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 331 runners from 20 states of the Mexican Republic (55.3% women), between 18 and 80 years old (m = 37.4; SD = 11.5), with an average of 7 years running experience (SD = 9.3). The Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory, the Psychological Well-Being Scale, and the Body Shape Questionnaire were used. The results show that men who run in natural spaces have greater psychological well-being and emotional intelligence (stress management) and less body dissatisfaction, and they run more days per week than those who run in built spaces. Predictors of running in natural spaces were greater psychological well-being and emotional intelligence (stress management). On the other hand, women who run in natural spaces show lower emotional intelligence (stress management) and run for more minutes per day. The predictors for running in natural spaces were identified as lower emotional intelligence (stress management), running for more minutes per day, and practicing another physical exercise. In conclusion, in this heterogeneous sample, natural environments are likely to be related to better performance and certain psychological indicators for runners. However, these relationships differ between men and women, so further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm our findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-promoting environments; green exercise; running; emotional intelligence; psychological well-being; body dissatisfaction health-promoting environments; green exercise; running; emotional intelligence; psychological well-being; body dissatisfaction
MDPI and ACS Style

Campos-Uscanga, Y.; Reyes-Rincón, H.; Pineda, E.; Gibert-Isern, S.; Ramirez-Colina, S.; Argüelles-Nava, V. Running in Natural Spaces: Gender Analysis of Its Relationship with Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Well-Being, and Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6019. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106019

AMA Style

Campos-Uscanga Y, Reyes-Rincón H, Pineda E, Gibert-Isern S, Ramirez-Colina S, Argüelles-Nava V. Running in Natural Spaces: Gender Analysis of Its Relationship with Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Well-Being, and Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6019. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campos-Uscanga, Yolanda, Hannia Reyes-Rincón, Eduardo Pineda, Santiago Gibert-Isern, Saraí Ramirez-Colina, and Vianey Argüelles-Nava. 2022. "Running in Natural Spaces: Gender Analysis of Its Relationship with Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Well-Being, and Physical Activity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6019. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106019

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