Next Article in Journal
Reshoring Decisions for Adjusting Supply Chains in a Changing World: A Case Study from the Apparel Industry
Next Article in Special Issue
“He Just Doesn’t Want to Get Out of the Chair and Do It”: The Impact of Apathy in People with Dementia on Their Carers
Previous Article in Journal
Impulsivity, Emotion Regulation, Cognitive Distortions and Attentional Bias in a Spanish Sample of Gambling Disorder Patients: Comparison between Online and Land-Based Gambling
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Experience of Apathy in Dementia: A Qualitative Study
Article

Diagnostic Accuracy of 10/66 Dementia Protocol in Fijian-Indian Elders Living in New Zealand

1
Department of Psychological Medicine, The University of Auckland, Level 3, Building 507, 22-30 Park Avenue, Grafton, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
2
Department of Demographic Epidemiology and Social Determinants, National Institute of Geriatrics, Anillo Perif. 2767, San Jerónimo Lídice, La Magdalena Contreras, Ciudad de México 10200, Mexico
3
National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, Auckland University of Technology, 55 Wellesley Street East, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
4
Department of Statistics, The University of Auckland, Level 3, Building 303, 38 Princes Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
5
School of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Science Centre Level 2, Building 302, 23 Symonds Street, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
6
School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Level 3, Building 507, 22-30 Park Avenue, Grafton, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giuseppe Lanza and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4870; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094870
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 3 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Healthcare for Dementias)
The 10/66 dementia protocol was developed as a language and culture-fair instrument to estimate the prevalence of dementia in non-English speaking communities. The aim of this study was to validate the 10/66 dementia protocol in elders of Indian ethnicity born in the Fiji Islands (Fijian-Indian) living in New Zealand. To our knowledge, this is the first time a dementia diagnostic tool has been evaluated in the Fijian-Indian population in New Zealand. We translated and adapted the 10/66 dementia protocol for use in in Fijian-Indian people. Individuals (age ≥ 65) who self-identified as Fijian-Indian and had either been assessed for dementia at a local memory service (13 cases, eight controls) or had participated in a concurrent dementia prevalence feasibility study (eight controls) participated. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and Youden’s index were obtained by comparing the 10/66 diagnosis and its sub-components against the clinical diagnosis (reference standard). The 10/66 diagnosis had a sensitivity of 92.3% (95% CI 70.3–99.5), specificity of 93.8% (95% CI 75.3–99.6), positive predictive value of 92.3% (95% CI 70.3–99.5), and negative predictive value of 93.8% (95% CI 75.3–99.6). The study results show that the Fijian-Indian 10/66 dementia protocol has adequate discriminatory abilities to diagnose dementia in our sample. This instrument would be suitable for future dementia population-based studies in the Fijian-Indian population living in Aotearoa/New Zealand or the Fiji-Islands. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; Alzheimer’s diseases; dementia prevalence; 10/66 dementia protocol; Fijian-Indian community dementia; Alzheimer’s diseases; dementia prevalence; 10/66 dementia protocol; Fijian-Indian community
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Ruiz, A.; Krishnamurthi, R.; Dahiya, E.S.; Rai-Bala, R.; Naicker, S.; Yates, S.; Rivera Rodriguez, C.; Cheung, G.; Dudley, M.; Kerse, N.; Cullum, S. Diagnostic Accuracy of 10/66 Dementia Protocol in Fijian-Indian Elders Living in New Zealand. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4870. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094870

AMA Style

Martinez-Ruiz A, Krishnamurthi R, Dahiya ES, Rai-Bala R, Naicker S, Yates S, Rivera Rodriguez C, Cheung G, Dudley M, Kerse N, Cullum S. Diagnostic Accuracy of 10/66 Dementia Protocol in Fijian-Indian Elders Living in New Zealand. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4870. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094870

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez-Ruiz, Adrian, Rita Krishnamurthi, Ekta S. Dahiya, Reshmi Rai-Bala, Sanjalin Naicker, Susan Yates, Claudia Rivera Rodriguez, Gary Cheung, Makarena Dudley, Ngaire Kerse, and Sarah Cullum. 2021. "Diagnostic Accuracy of 10/66 Dementia Protocol in Fijian-Indian Elders Living in New Zealand" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4870. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094870

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop