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Article

Perceptions of Patient Safety Culture and Medication Error Reporting among Early- and Mid-Career Female Nurses in South Korea

Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4853; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094853
Received: 20 April 2021 / Revised: 24 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 1 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Patient Safety Culture in Hospitals)
Reporting medication errors is crucial for improving quality of care and patient safety in acute care settings. To date, little is known about how reporting varies between early and mid-career nurses. Thus, this study used a cross-sectional, secondary data analysis design to investigate the differences between early (under the age of 35) and mid-career (ages 35–54) female nurses by examining their perceptions of patient safety culture using the Korean Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC) and single-item self-report measure of medication error reporting. A total of 311 hospital nurses (260 early-career and 51 mid-career nurses) completed questionnaires on perceived patient safety culture and medication error reporting. Early-career nurses had lower levels of perception regarding patient safety culture (p = 0.034) compared to mid-career nurses. A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that relatively short clinical experience (<3 years) and a higher level of perceived patient safety culture increased the rate of appropriate medication error reporting among early-career nurses. However, there was no significant association between perception of patient safety culture and medication error reporting among mid-career nurses. Future studies should investigate the role of positive perception of patient safety culture on reporting errors considering multidimensional aspects, and include hospital contextual factors among early-, mid-, and late-career nurses. View Full-Text
Keywords: nurses; patient safety culture; medication errors; expertise; nursing nurses; patient safety culture; medication errors; expertise; nursing
MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, S.-J.; Lee, H.; Son, Y.-J. Perceptions of Patient Safety Culture and Medication Error Reporting among Early- and Mid-Career Female Nurses in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094853

AMA Style

Jang S-J, Lee H, Son Y-J. Perceptions of Patient Safety Culture and Medication Error Reporting among Early- and Mid-Career Female Nurses in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094853

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jang, Sun-Joo, Haeyoung Lee, and Youn-Jung Son. 2021. "Perceptions of Patient Safety Culture and Medication Error Reporting among Early- and Mid-Career Female Nurses in South Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094853

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