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Article

A Methodology for Harmonizing Safety and Health Scales in Occupational Risk Assessment

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, Canterbury 8140, New Zealand
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Academic Editor: Hanns Moshammer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4849; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094849
Received: 7 April 2021 / Revised: 24 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 1 May 2021
Successful implementation of Health and Safety (H&S) systems requires an effective mechanism to assess risk. Existing methods focus primarily on measuring the safety aspect; the risk of an accident is determined based on the product of severity of consequence and likelihood of the incident arising. The health component, i.e., chronic harm, is more difficult to assess. Partially, this is due to both consequences and the likelihood of health issues, which may be indeterminate. There is a need to develop a quantitative risk measurement for H&S risk management and with better representation for chronic health issues. The present paper has approached this from a different direction, by adopting a public health perspective of quality of life. We have then changed the risk assessment process to accommodate this. This was then applied to a case study. The case study showed that merely including the chronic harm scales appeared to be sufficient to elicit a more detailed consideration of hazards for chronic harm. This suggests that people are not insensitive to chronic harm hazards, but benefit from having a framework in which to communicate them. A method has been devised to harmonize safety and harm risk assessments. The result was a comprehensive risk assessment method with consideration of safety accidents and chronic health issues. This has the potential to benefit industry by making chronic harm more visible and hence more preventable. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk matrix; health and safety risk; quality of life; World Health Organization disability assessment schedule; diminished quality of life; risk management risk matrix; health and safety risk; quality of life; World Health Organization disability assessment schedule; diminished quality of life; risk management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ji, Z.; Pons, D.; Pearse, J. A Methodology for Harmonizing Safety and Health Scales in Occupational Risk Assessment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094849

AMA Style

Ji Z, Pons D, Pearse J. A Methodology for Harmonizing Safety and Health Scales in Occupational Risk Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094849

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ji, Zuzhen, Dirk Pons, and John Pearse. 2021. "A Methodology for Harmonizing Safety and Health Scales in Occupational Risk Assessment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094849

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