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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Reallocating Time Spent Engaging in Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity on Mortality in Older Adults: ELSIA Study

1
Research Center on Physical Activity, Health and Aging, Department of Sport Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais 38025-180, Brazil
2
Department of Education, University do Estado da Bahia, Teixeira de Freitas, Bahia 45992-255, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lindsay Bottoms
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4336; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084336
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 19 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity for Health)
Background: The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of reallocating time spent engaging in sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity on the risk of mortality. Methods: In all, 332 older adult low-income and low-education populations participated in the study. At the end of the study, 273 of the participants were alive and 59 had died. Time spent undertaking moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and SB was assessed using the international physical activity questionnaire. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used. Results: The replacement of time spent engaging in SB with MVPA reduced the risk of mortality from all causes in the older adults, resulting in reductions in mortality risk of between 10% and 46%. Conclusion: A reduction in the risk of mortality in older adults was observed when time spent in SB was replaced with the same amount of time in MVPA for all times tested. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sedentary; health; behavior change physical activity; sedentary; health; behavior change
MDPI and ACS Style

Galvão, L.L.; Silva, R.R.; Ribeiro, R.M.; Tribess, S.; Santos, D.d.A.T.; Virtuoso Júnior, J.S. Effects of Reallocating Time Spent Engaging in Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity on Mortality in Older Adults: ELSIA Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084336

AMA Style

Galvão LL, Silva RR, Ribeiro RM, Tribess S, Santos DdAT, Virtuoso Júnior JS. Effects of Reallocating Time Spent Engaging in Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity on Mortality in Older Adults: ELSIA Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084336

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galvão, Lucas L.; Silva, Rizia R.; Ribeiro, Renato M.; Tribess, Sheilla; Santos, Douglas d.A.T.; Virtuoso Júnior, Jair S. 2021. "Effects of Reallocating Time Spent Engaging in Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity on Mortality in Older Adults: ELSIA Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084336

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