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Open AccessArticle

Health Literacy, Self-Perceived Health, and Substance Use Behavior among Young People with Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders

1
Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital in Prague, Charles University, Apolinářská 4, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic
2
Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Mostní 5139, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paulo Santos
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4337; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084337
Received: 16 February 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 April 2021 / Published: 19 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Literacy, Patient Empowerment and Preventive Medicine)
Licit and illicit substance use is one of the major public health issues with severe negative health consequences for individuals and society. Health literacy is essential for improving one’s health and navigation in the healthcare system. However, the evidence of health literacy in people with substance use disorders is limited. This study aims to examine health literacy and its socio-demographic, health-related, and substance use-related correlates in young people with alcohol (AUD) and substance use disorders (SUD). In this study, cross-sectional data of young people undergoing addiction treatment for AUD (N = 201, mean age 37.6) and SUD (N = 165, mean age 31.1) were used. Health literacy was assessed using the HLS-EU-Q47. Simple and multiple linear regression was performed to estimate the correlates of health literacy. In total, 37.8% of participants with AUD and 41.8% of SUD had limited health literacy. In participants with AUD, living condition factors, self-perceived health indicators, and frequency of alcohol use showed a significant effect on health literacy. In participants with SUD, financial factors, self-perceived health indicators, and injection sharing showed a significant effect. Increasing health literacy might contribute to improved health outcomes and decreased high-risk substance use-related behavior in people undergoing addiction treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; HLS-EU-Q; alcohol use disorder; substance use disorders; residential addiction treatment; multiple regression health literacy; HLS-EU-Q; alcohol use disorder; substance use disorders; residential addiction treatment; multiple regression
MDPI and ACS Style

Rolova, G.; Gavurova, B.; Petruzelka, B. Health Literacy, Self-Perceived Health, and Substance Use Behavior among Young People with Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4337. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084337

AMA Style

Rolova G, Gavurova B, Petruzelka B. Health Literacy, Self-Perceived Health, and Substance Use Behavior among Young People with Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4337. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084337

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rolova, Gabriela; Gavurova, Beata; Petruzelka, Benjamin. 2021. "Health Literacy, Self-Perceived Health, and Substance Use Behavior among Young People with Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4337. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084337

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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