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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Vehicle Load on Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks: A Study Based on Real-World Data

by 1, 1,*, 1,2, 1, 3 and 1,4,5
1
Key Laboratory of Transport Industry of Big Data Application Technologies for Comprehensive Transport, Beijing Jiaotong University, 3 Shangyuancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100044, China
2
Department of Civil & Mineral Engineering, University of Toronto, 35 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 1A4, Canada
3
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Vehicle Emission Control and Simulation (VECS), Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, 8 Dayang Fang, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012, China
4
Department of Transportation Studies, Texas Southern University, 3100 Cleburne Avenue, Houston, TX 77004, USA
5
School of Traffic and Transportation, Xuchang University, Xuchang 461000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gianluigi de Gennaro, Jolanda Palmisani and Alessia Di Gilio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3877; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083877
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 1 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Outdoor and Indoor Air Quality)
Vehicle loads have significant impacts on the emissions of heavy-duty trucks, even in the same traffic conditions. Few studies exist covering the differences in emissions of diesel semi-trailer towing trucks (DSTTTs) with different loads, although these vehicles have a wide load range. In this context, the operating modes and emission rates of DSTTTs were analyzed under varying loads scenarios to understand the effect of vehicle loads on emission factors. First, second-by-second field speed data and emission data of DSTTTs with different loads were collected. Then, the methods for calculating the scaled tractive power (STP) and the emissions model for DSTTTs were proposed to evaluate the effect of different loading scenarios. The STP distributions, emission rate distributions, and emission factor characteristics of different loaded trucks were analyzed and compared. The results indicated that the STP distributions of DSTTTs that under the unloaded state were more narrow than those under fully loaded or overloaded conditions. The emission rates of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and total hydrocarbon (THC) for DSTTTs under a fully loaded state were significantly higher than those under an unloaded state. However, due to the influence of exhaust temperature, the emission rates of nitrogen oxides (NOx) among fully loaded trucks were lower than those under the unloaded state when STP bin was above 4 kW/ton. The emission factors of CO2, CO, THC, and NOx for fully loaded trucks demonstrated the largest increases at low-speed intervals (0–30 km/h), which rose by 96.2%, 47.9%, 27.8%, and 65.2%, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: diesel semi-trailer towing trucks; vehicle load; STP distribution; emission rates; emission characteristics diesel semi-trailer towing trucks; vehicle load; STP distribution; emission rates; emission characteristics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Song, G.; Zhai, Z.; Wu, Y.; Yin, H.; Yu, L. Effects of Vehicle Load on Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks: A Study Based on Real-World Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3877. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083877

AMA Style

Wang X, Song G, Zhai Z, Wu Y, Yin H, Yu L. Effects of Vehicle Load on Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks: A Study Based on Real-World Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3877. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083877

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xin; Song, Guohua; Zhai, Zhiqiang; Wu, Yizheng; Yin, Hang; Yu, Lei. 2021. "Effects of Vehicle Load on Emissions of Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks: A Study Based on Real-World Data" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 3877. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083877

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