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Open AccessArticle

Surveillance for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections among Hospitalized Subjects from 2015/2016 to 2019/2020 Seasons in Tuscany, Italy

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Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy
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Interuniversity Research Center on Influenza and Other Transmissible Infections (CIRI-IT), Via Pastore 1, 16132 Genoa, Italy
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Emergency and Transplants Department, University Hospital of Siena, Viale Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, Italy
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Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Viale Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, Italy
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VisMederi S.r.l., Strada del Petriccio e Belriguardo 35, 53100 Siena, Italy
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Department of Medical Sciences, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Viale Bracci 16, 53100 Siena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Claudio Costantino and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3875; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083875
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 5 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
In Italy, the influenza season lasts from October until April of the following year. Influenza A and B viruses are the two viral types that cocirculate during seasonal epidemics and are the main causes of respiratory infections. We analyzed influenza A and B viruses in samples from hospitalized patients at Le Scotte University Hospital in Siena (Central Italy). From 2015 to 2020, 182 patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Infections were enrolled. Oropharyngeal swabs were collected from patients and tested by means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to identify influenza A(H3N2), A(H1N1)pdm09 and B. Epidemiological and virological surveillance remain an essential tool for monitoring circulating viruses and possible mismatches with seasonal vaccine strains, and provide information that can be used to improve the composition of influenza vaccines. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza A and B viruses; severe acute respiratory infections; epidemiological and virological surveillance influenza A and B viruses; severe acute respiratory infections; epidemiological and virological surveillance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manini, I.; Camarri, A.; Marchi, S.; Trombetta, C.M.; Vicenti, I.; Dragoni, F.; Lazzeri, G.; Bova, G.; Montomoli, E.; Capecchi, P.L. Surveillance for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections among Hospitalized Subjects from 2015/2016 to 2019/2020 Seasons in Tuscany, Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3875. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083875

AMA Style

Manini I, Camarri A, Marchi S, Trombetta CM, Vicenti I, Dragoni F, Lazzeri G, Bova G, Montomoli E, Capecchi PL. Surveillance for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections among Hospitalized Subjects from 2015/2016 to 2019/2020 Seasons in Tuscany, Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3875. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083875

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manini, Ilaria; Camarri, Andrea; Marchi, Serena; Trombetta, Claudia M.; Vicenti, Ilaria; Dragoni, Filippo; Lazzeri, Giacomo; Bova, Giovanni; Montomoli, Emanuele; Capecchi, Pier L. 2021. "Surveillance for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections among Hospitalized Subjects from 2015/2016 to 2019/2020 Seasons in Tuscany, Italy" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 3875. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083875

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