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The Psychological Responses of Nurses Caring for COVID-19 Patients: A Q Methodological Approach

1
Balk Medical Center, College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Geoje-si 53290, Korea
2
Institute of Health Science, College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52727, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3605; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073605
Received: 15 February 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
Anxiety among nurses attending patients at the forefront of the global coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic is on the rise. Accordingly, examining the psychological response of nurses who have attended COVID-19 patients is necessary. This study aimed to categorize and characterize the psychological responses of nurses who have experienced COVID-19 patient care based on the Q methodology. The Q-sample extracted 34 statements, and the P-sample marked 22 nurses who had operated a screening clinic and experienced patient care in the local base hospitals treating COVID-19 using convenience sampling. The findings suggest that nurses who have experienced COVID-19 patient care fall into three categories based on the following psychological responses: (1) fear of social stigma, (2) anxiety about the risk of infection, and (3) burden of infection prevention and control nursing. Therefore, it is expected that the results of this study may serve as the basis for emotional support programs that are capable of understanding and mediating the psychological state of nurses who care for patients with COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; psychological response; nurse; Q methodology COVID-19; psychological response; nurse; Q methodology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cho, K.H.; Kim, B. The Psychological Responses of Nurses Caring for COVID-19 Patients: A Q Methodological Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073605

AMA Style

Cho KH, Kim B. The Psychological Responses of Nurses Caring for COVID-19 Patients: A Q Methodological Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073605

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cho, Kyung H., and Boyoung Kim. 2021. "The Psychological Responses of Nurses Caring for COVID-19 Patients: A Q Methodological Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073605

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