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Article

The Brief COPE: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Community and At-Risk Portuguese Parents

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Psychology Research Centre (CIP) & Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
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Faculty of Humanities and Education Sciences, University of Jaen & Research Group (HUM604) Development of Lifestyles in the Life Cycle and Health Promotion of University of Huelva, Campus de las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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School of Psychology, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
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Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
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Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Campus de Gambelas, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Canavan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062806
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 7 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family Support and Children’s Health and Wellbeing)
Parenting generally brings about high internal and external demands, which can be perceived as stressful when they exceed families’ resources. When faced with such stressors, parents need to deploy several adaptive strategies to successfully overcome these challenges. One of such strategies is coping, an important cognitive and behavioural skill. In this study, we intended to examine the psychometric properties of Carver’s (1997) Brief COPE (Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced), extending its cross-cultural validity among a Portuguese sample of community and at-risk parents. The sample comprised community (n = 153) and at-risk (n = 116) parents who completed the brief COPE, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales and the Parenting Stress Index—Short Form. Confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, cross sample invariance, convergent and discriminant validity were analysed. Data from the confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the 14-factor model obtained the best fit. The results provided evidence that the Brief COPE is a psychometrically sound instrument that shows measurement invariance across samples and good reliability. Our findings demonstrated that the Portuguese version of brief COPE is a useful, time-efficient tool for both practitioners and researchers who need to assess coping strategies, a relevant construct in family context. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brief COPE; coping; parenting; validation; psychometry; family assessment; instrumental study Brief COPE; coping; parenting; validation; psychometry; family assessment; instrumental study
MDPI and ACS Style

Nunes, C.; Pérez-Padilla, J.; Martins, C.; Pechorro, P.; Ayala-Nunes, L.; Ferreira, L.I. The Brief COPE: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Community and At-Risk Portuguese Parents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062806

AMA Style

Nunes C, Pérez-Padilla J, Martins C, Pechorro P, Ayala-Nunes L, Ferreira LI. The Brief COPE: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Community and At-Risk Portuguese Parents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062806

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nunes, Cristina, Javier Pérez-Padilla, Cátia Martins, Pedro Pechorro, Lara Ayala-Nunes, and Laura I. Ferreira. 2021. "The Brief COPE: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Community and At-Risk Portuguese Parents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062806

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