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Adjusted Indirect and Mixed Comparisons of Interventions for the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) of Disabled Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

1
Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
Research Academy of Grand Health, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
3
Faculty of Engineering, University of Szeged, 6724 Szeged, Hungary
4
Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research, Department of Sport, Physical Education and Health, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rubén Trigueros-Ramos and José M. Aguilar-Parra
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052406
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Physical Education and Disability)
This systematic review adopted the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA) guidelines and used the method of network meta-analysis to compare the effects of different types of interventions from different perspectives which were abilities of daily life activity, psychological health, social functioning, and overall life quality. The eligibility criteria were: (1) Participants were adults above 18 years old with disabilities; (2) Interventions could be classified into active exercise, passive therapy, psychological education, psychosocial support program, multi-disciplinary program, and usual care; (3) Outcomes should be the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that could be classified into abilities of daily life activity, psychological health, social functioning, and overall life quality; (4) Randomized designed and published in English. The keywords and their search field were: (1) “people with disabilities/disability”, “disabled”, “handicapped”, or “disable people” in titles or abstracts; (2) AND “randomized” or “randomised” in titles or abstracts; (3) NOT “design”, “protocol”, or “review” in titles. After searching in databases of Medline (EBSCO), PubMed, CINAHL, and Ovid, 16 studies were included. As a result, active exercise and passive therapy are most likely to be the best interventions for overall life quality, psychological education and passive therapy are most likely to be the best interventions for abilities of daily life activity, and psychosocial support programs are most likely to be the best intervention for psychological health and social functioning. View Full-Text
Keywords: people with disabilities; disabled; handicap; patient-reported outcome measures; network meta-analysis people with disabilities; disabled; handicap; patient-reported outcome measures; network meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Y.; Li, X.; Sun, Z.; Song, Y.; Baker, J.S.; Gu, Y. Adjusted Indirect and Mixed Comparisons of Interventions for the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) of Disabled Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052406

AMA Style

Xu Y, Li X, Sun Z, Song Y, Baker JS, Gu Y. Adjusted Indirect and Mixed Comparisons of Interventions for the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) of Disabled Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Yining; Li, Xin; Sun, Zhihong; Song, Yang; Baker, Julien S.; Gu, Yaodong. 2021. "Adjusted Indirect and Mixed Comparisons of Interventions for the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) of Disabled Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052406

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