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Cumulative Environmental Vulnerability Assessment in the Area of Influence of the Pecém Port Industrial Complex (Ceará, Brazil): A Spatial Analysis

1
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saude Publica e Meio Ambiente, Escola Nacional de Saude Pública—FIOCRUZ 1, Rio de Janeiro 21041-210, Brazil
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Departamento de Epidemiologia e Metodos Quantitativos em Saude, Escola Nacional de Saude Pública—FIOCRUZ 2, Rio de Janeiro 21041-210, Brazil
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Departamento de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20550-013, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2404; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052404
Received: 16 December 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
The municipalities of Caucaia and São Gonçalo do Amarante are located in the metropolitan region of Fortaleza (CE) and are home to the Pecém Port Industrial Complex (PPIC). We know that economic development is not necessarily related to improvements in the quality of life of the population. Furthermore, the bonuses and burdens of this particular installation can occur unevenly. This study aimed to assess the cumulative environmental vulnerability of these municipalities. We used the cumulative environmental vulnerability assessment methodology to assess the population’s degree of vulnerability, considering census sectors as a spatial unit. This approach combines three indices: environmental risk index, social vulnerability index, and health index. Finally, we calculated the arithmetic mean of each indicator in each census sector. We built choropleth maps to assess the spatial distribution of environmental vulnerability. We found that many maps demonstrated high cumulative environmental vulnerability census sectors around the PPIC, while the Caucaia, located downtown, exhibited a substantial majority of the low cumulative environmental vulnerability census sectors. The district of Guararu, in Caucaia, was notable for having proportionally more census sectors with high health index values. Environmental vulnerability was heterogeneously distributed, and the most impoverished areas are also the most vulnerable. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental health; environmental pollutants; air pollution; spatial analysis environmental health; environmental pollutants; air pollution; spatial analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santos-Junior, N.; Braga, J.U.; Maciel, E.M.G.d.S. Cumulative Environmental Vulnerability Assessment in the Area of Influence of the Pecém Port Industrial Complex (Ceará, Brazil): A Spatial Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052404

AMA Style

Santos-Junior N, Braga JU, Maciel EMGdS. Cumulative Environmental Vulnerability Assessment in the Area of Influence of the Pecém Port Industrial Complex (Ceará, Brazil): A Spatial Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052404

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santos-Junior, Norberto; Braga, Jose U.; Maciel, Elvira M.G.d.S. 2021. "Cumulative Environmental Vulnerability Assessment in the Area of Influence of the Pecém Port Industrial Complex (Ceará, Brazil): A Spatial Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052404

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